Aim For A Healthy Eating Pattern
Instead of focusing on specific foods, dietitians, physicians, and researchers tout an overall pattern of healthy eating and healthy eating is easier than you might think. In a nutshell, here’s what experts recommend:
Broccoli Is A Nutrition Powerhouse
Broccoli is loaded with a TON of vitamins and minerals! One serving has 135% of your daily Vitamin C needs !; Vitamin C is important for so many things, but its especially important for healthy immune function.
That same serving of broccoli also has 116% of your daily Vitamin K needs, and its a good source of calcium. Both are key nutrients for bone health. Broccoli is also packed with antioxidants that help to neutralize cell damage caused by free radicals. Free radical damage to cells can cause them not to reproduce correctly or at all . So basically, broccoli helps to keep you young & healthy on a cellular level.;;
Food For Fighting Prostate Cancer
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, particularly red ones, could be beneficial.
Registered dietitian Julie Bouwman is a fan of keeping food simple and natural, an approach that can improve your health in a variety of ways.
One way is fighting cancer.
We asked Bouwman, who works for Kaiser Permanente in Colorado, to share which foods you should eat and which you should avoid if you want to help prevent prostate cancer, which affects about 13 out of 100 men at some point in their lives, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
What kind of diet should men follow if they want to try to lower their risk of prostate cancer?
There has been research linking lowered risk of prostate cancer with a higher intake of lycopene, an antioxidant thought to have anti-cancer properties. Lycopene is found in red fruits and vegetables, particularly in tomato and tomato products. Carrots, grapefruit, red bell pepper, and pomegranates also contain lycopene. In general, its a good idea to have a healthy diet that includes 8 to 10 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.
You are not a fan of processed food but are there any processed foods that are OK to eat?
When it comes to lycopene-rich foods, its OK to eat tomato paste, ketchup, or sundried tomatoes, all of which are processed. In fact, lycopene in processed tomato products is more easily absorbed than when you eat tomatoes whole or raw.
You May Like: Does Cialis Shrink An Enlarged Prostate
Good Foods For Prostate Health
Lots of tasty, easy-to-prepare foods help prevent prostate cancer. Blueberries, almonds, and dark chocolate, for example, are full of antioxidants that help flush toxins out of your body and help fight all forms of cancer. Blueberry-almond chocolate brownies, anyone? The same goes for most fruits and vegetables, as well as fish. Here are some other prostate-healthy foods.
Watermelon: High in vitamins A and C and free of fat and salt, watermelon is a mouthwatering healthy food choice regardless of your age. It also happens to be an excellent source of lycopene, an antioxidant that research suggests may help lower prostate cancer risk. There are as many as 9 milligrams of lycopene in a small slice of watermelon. Guys should aim to consume about that much a day. Other lycopene-rich foods include tomatoes, apricots, pink grapefruit, guava, and papaya.
Salmon: This delicious and versatile fish joins tuna, herring, sardines, and lake trout in being packed with omega-3 fatty acids linked to a reduced risk of prostate cancer. So fire up the oven and try this awesomely easy recipe for baked salmon.
Carrots: A 2014 study found that eating more carrots produced a significantly decreased risk of prostate cancer. This versatile and easy-to-prepare veggie was made for dippingsay, in some hummusand combines effortlessly with salmon in this super-easy recipe.
Questions And Answers About Soy
The soybean plant has been grown in Asia for food for hundreds of years. The soybean can be made into products, such as soy milk, miso, tofu, soy flour, and oil.
Isoflavones are phytoestrogens that attach to estrogen receptors found in prostate cancercells. Genistein may affect some processes inside prostate cancer cells that are involved in the growth and spread of cancer.
Soy may be eaten in food or taken in dietary supplements.
See the Laboratory/Animal/Preclinical Studies section of the health professional version of Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, and Dietary Supplements for information on laboratory and animal studies done using soy.
Population studies and clinical trials have been done to find out if soy can prevent or treat prostate cancer. The results of these studies have been mixed. Some studies have shown a lower risk of prostate cancer or a change in prostate-specific antigen level, and others have not. The results may be mixed because the number of men participating in the studies is small and different types and doses of soy products were given for varying lengths of time.
Combined population studies
Recommended Reading: Does An Enlarged Prostate Affect A Man Sexually
Move Over Tomatoes All Vegetables
SEATTLE – Move over, tomatoes! All vegetables – especially broccoli, cabbage and their cruciferous cousins – may substantially reduce the risk of prostate cancer, according researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. Eating just three servings of vegetables a day can cut a man’s risk of prostate cancer nearly in half. While carrots, beans, greens and cooked tomatoes all were found to decrease risk, the strongest effect was for cruciferous vegetables. These findings will appear in the Jan. 5 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
“The bottom line is that if you eat a lot of vegetables, you can cut your risk of prostate cancer by about 45 percent,” says Alan Kristal, Dr.P.H., co-investigator of the study. “And, if some of those vegetables are from the cruciferous family, like broccoli and cabbage, you may reduce your risk even further.”
Kristal and Jennifer Cohen, Ph.D., from the Center’s Cancer Prevention Research Program, led the data analysis. Janet Stanford, Ph.D., head of the Center’s Prostate Cancer Research Program, also participated. All are from the Center’s Public Health Sciences Division.
Men who ate three or more servings of vegetables a day had a 48 percent lower risk of prostate cancer, compared to men who ate fewer than one serving a day . This association was independent of other dietary factors, such as fat intake, and for medical factors, such as history of prostate cancer in a father or brother.
Contact: Kristen Woodward
Limit Fat Intake Especially From Animal Fat
Reduce fat intake especially from animal fat. A vast body of scientific literature suggests that diets rich in animal fat can significantly increase the risk of prostate cancer in men. Arachidonic acid a type of omega-6 fatty acids abundant in red meat, egg yolks, and organ meat appears to play a key role in this context. Arachidonic acid has been shown to enhance prostate cancer growth, but it may also destroy cells of the immune system that are involved in the protection against prostate cancer. In contrast, omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish such as salmon and mackerel and in a few other foods including flaxseed and walnuts, have been shown to guard against prostate cancer. However, even then it is advisable to limit the total intake of fat to not more than 20% because all dietary fat stimulates the production of bile. Bile can convert into apocholic acid, a carcinogenic substance, if a lot of fat stays in the gut for an extended period of time.
Recommended Reading: How To Massage A Man’s Prostate
Five Foods To Protect Your Prostate
Good news if youre worried about your prostate health: What you eat can make a difference. There is plenty of strong evidence that good nutrition and an active lifestyle can reduce the likelihood of prostate cancer and slow its progression, says Mitchell Sokoloff M.D., Chair of the Department of Urology and Professor at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.
There are a few categorical changes you can make to your diet that make a big difference in overall health, as well as prostate health. What you eat can potentially disadvantage your prostate health e.g. foods you might want to avoid or protect the prostate in various ways. The Science of Living Well, Beyond Cancer recommends a diet that is high in colorful vegetables, low in sugar and processed carbohydrates, and moderate in animal-based protein . Some might refer to this as a version of the Mediterranean Diet. PCF-funded epidemiologist Lorelei Mucci, M.P.H., Sc.D., at Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health notes that people in Mediterranean countries not only eat more vegetables and fruits they also eat less fatty foods, processed food, and red meat categories that can increase insulin resistance, increase inflammation, raise cardiovascular risk and be a part of a dietary pattern that may increase obesity, as well.
What Foods Are Great For Your Prostate
Are you aware that there are numerous kinds of foods which help prevent prostate? Though theres no definitive evidence that balanced diet can prevent prostate problems, its apparent that taking a healthy diet plan lowers the chance of obtaining cancer of the prostate. A healthy diet plan is a method to visit cancer of the prostate prevention.
Don’t Miss: Prostate Cancer Shortness Of Breath
Consume Foods That Deliver I3c
Crucifrous vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kale and Brussels sprouts have long been touted for their anti-cancer properties. These properties are mainly attributed to indole-3-carbinol , a compound found in cruciferous vegetables when their cell walls are broken through chopping, crushing, or chewing. When I3C is digested, it is converted into diindolylmethane . DIM appears to be a strong anti-androgen that has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of prostate cancer cells in culture tests.
Diet And Prostate Cancer
We are what we eat ;this is a phrase that has become quite popular, yet many people fail to realize how true it is. While many references to the phrase relate to evolution, the foods we eat ultimately contribute to good or bad health.
Certain foods can contribute to low-grade inflammation, obesity, and even the development of cancer. Some experts believe that a poor diet is behind some of the most common chronic diseases.;
With this in mind, we should consider a possible relationship between diet and prostate cancer. With the right diet, the body gains access to the nutrients it needs to function properly. This type of diet would also reduce exposure to chemicals that may lead to the growth of cancerous cells.;
Read Also: Is Viagra Good For Enlarged Prostate
What Is Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer refers to the uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate gland.;The prostate gland is a part of the male reproductive system. It is a small gland located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum , surrounding the urethra . The prostate has two main functions: producing and storing fluid that helps make semen and regulating bladder control.
- Age: The chances of getting prostate cancer increase with age. Most experts recommend considering screening when a man is 50 years old.
- Race: African-American men are at a greater risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Family history: There is a higher risk of prostate cancer in men who have a close family member diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age .
- Heredity: Certain genetic conditions may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
- Diet and lifestyle: Men who have a diet rich in animal fat and low in fruits and vegetables may have greater chances of getting prostate cancer. Being obese or having a sedentary lifestyle also raises prostate cancer risk.
- Smoking: It increases oxidative stress in the body, causing an increased risk of several cancers, including prostate cancer.
Your Prostate Cancer Diet And Why It Matters
Foods that can increase your risk of developing prostate cancer, or those shown to encourage progression of the disease, should be avoided if you have or are hoping to prevent prostate cancer.
Your best bet is to stick to a diet rich in fruits and vegetables especially tomatoes get plenty of whole grains, and go easy on the red meat and processed foods. Think fresh on your plate to boost your health and reduce your risk of prostate cancer.
Read Also: Does Enlarged Prostate Cause Constipation
Studies On Calorie Intake
There are studies that have shown the effects of different calorie intake values on prostate cancer risk. In one study, researchers considered two groups of people. The first group consumed a minimum of 2,439 calories on a daily basis. The second group consumed a maximum of 1,322 calories per day.;
Following statistical research, it was found that a higher calorie consumption increases the risk related to prostate cancer. The risk for localized prostate cancer increased by 115% among those who consumed more than 2,439 calories each day this data was compared to the group who consumed a low number of calories.;
Another study considered the difference between a diet that included 1,064 calories and another diet that had 2,624 or more calories. The risk of prostate cancer was four times higher among the men who consumed the higher number of calories.;
With these factors in mind, it is important that men consider their calorie intake, along with the food they consume. Eating too many calories may negatively impact the prostate gland and essentially increase the likeliness of cancer cells growing in this part of the body.;
Permission To Use This Summary
PDQ is a registered trademark. The content of PDQ documents can be used freely as text. It cannot be identified as an NCI PDQ cancer information summary unless the whole summary is shown and it is updated regularly. However, a user would be allowed to write a sentence such as NCIs PDQ cancer information summary about breast cancer prevention states the risks in the following way: .
The best way to cite this PDQ summary is:
PDQ® Integrative, Alternative, and Complementary Therapies Editorial Board. PDQ Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, and Dietary Supplements. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Updated <MM/DD/YYYY>. Available at: . Accessed <MM/DD/YYYY>.
Images in this summary are used with permission of the author, artist, and/or publisher for use in the PDQ summaries only. If you want to use an image from a PDQ summary and you are not using the whole summary, you must get permission from the owner. It cannot be given by the National Cancer Institute. Information about using the images in this summary, along with many other images related to cancer can be found in Visuals Online. Visuals Online is a collection of more than 3,000 scientific images.
Don’t Miss: Swollen Prostate Constipation
Does Your Diet Really Help Prevent Prostate Cancer
Links between diet and preventing prostate cancer seem to get a lot of media attention. Newspapers frequently run articles about new studies claiming that specific foods, beverages or supplements prevent or slow the advance of prostate cancer. When visiting websites of very reputable institutions like Johns Hopkins or the Mayo Clinic, youll find long lists of certain foods you should eat or avoid in the name of better prostate health.
The excitement is understandable. Prostate cancer is the most common, non-skin, solid cancer in American men. It is the second leading cause of cancer-related death here in the United States and, in the United Kingdom, it is number one. When you start to read these articles, however, its amazing to see how little research has actually been done and how many of the findings end up contradicting other studies.
Last year, the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine published a review of articles linking certain foods and dietary supplements to prostate cancer prevention. The review was conducted by a group of researchers from the University of Montreal who found several hundred examples between 1996 and 2010. The group narrowed their review to 61 articles based on studies involving large numbers of participants. Any article based on studies using animals or that merely made assertions about diet and prostate cancer without clinical research was omitted.
Maintaining Good Nutrition During And After Treatment
Maintaining a healthy diet can help you prepare for and recover after cancer treatment. It may also help to prevent the prostate cancer from coming back.Watching your weight may also reduce your risk of dying from prostate cancer. Recent studies have indicated that the risk of dying from prostate cancer is more than double in obese men diagnosed with the disease compared with men of normal weight at the time of diagnosis. Obese men with local or regional disease have been shown to have nearly four times the risk of their cancer spreading beyond the prostate or metastasizing.
Prostate cancer treatment may affect your appetite, eating habits, and weight, but it is important for you to maintain a healthy weight, get essential nutrients, and remain as physically active as possible.If you have difficulty eating due to side effects from treatment, there are ways to make eating more comfortable. Working with a registered dietitian/nutritionist can help make sure you are getting the nutrition you need.
Unfortunately it is possible for the side effects of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy to cause you to lose your appetite, eat less and lose weight. On the other hand, some treatments, such as androgen deprivation therapy may cause weight gain for some men.
, Prostate Cancer and Nutrition featuring Margaret Martin, RD, MS, LDN, a nutrition educator from PearlPoint Nutrition Services.
Don’t Miss: What Happens To The Prostate Later In Life