How Is Epididymitis Diagnosed
Your doctor may also perform the following tests and procedures:
- rectal examination, which can show if an enlarged prostate caused your condition
- blood tests, such as a CBC , to determine whether theres an infection in your system
- urine sample, which can indicate if you have a urinary tract infection or an STI
Imaging tests may be done to rule out other conditions. These tests produce detailed images that allow your doctor to see structures in the body very clearly. Your doctor might order a testicular ultrasound to get images of the testicles and the surrounding tissues in the scrotum.
Treatment for epididymitis involves treating the underlying infection and easing symptoms.
Common treatments include:
- antibiotics, which are administered for 4 to 6 weeks in chronic epididymitis, and can include doxycycline and ciprofloxacin
- pain medication, which can be available over-the-counter or can require a prescription
- anti-inflammatory medication like piroxicam or ketorolac
- wearing an athletic cup for support
- avoiding lifting heavy objects
In cases of an STI, you and your partner should abstain from sexual intercourse until youve completed your course of antibiotics and are fully cured.
Risk Factors For Prostate And Testicular Disorders
While these men over 50 years old are at highest risk of developing prostate disorders and men between the ages of 20 and 54 are most at risk of developing testicular problems, age is just one of the factors that can increase a manâs risk of developing prostate and testicular disorders. Other risk factors include:
- Diet and weight â Eating a high-fat diet or being overweight or obese can increase mens testosterone levels, which in turn increases the risk of developing prostate and testicular health conditions.
- Ethnicity â African American men have a higher risk than men of other ethnicities of developing prostate disorders, and Caucasian males are most likely to develop testicular disorders.
- Family history â If a mans father or brother has suffered from a prostate or testicular disorder, he has a particularly high risk of developing the same condition.
- Testosterone levels â Men on testosterone therapy or who have naturally high levels of testosterone are more likely to develop prostate and testicular disorders.
- Other factors such as whether or not a man smokes, has contracted HIV or has undescended testicles contribute to his risk for developing testicular problems.
Link Between Prostate & Testicular Cancer
Studies have shown that there may be a link between the two cancers. Men who have had testicular cancer may have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer later in life. Cancer can spread to the testicles in a small percent of prostate cancer cases as well. Both of these cancers can be present with no symptoms at all, especially in the early stages, so make sure you get regular checkups. While both cancers are highly treatable, detection is the key to survival.
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Testicular Tenderness Post Prostatectomy
I had my prostate removed nearly three weeks ago and 8 days ago had my catheter removed . Coincidental with the catheter removal, I began to get very sensitive testicles which have got no less sensitive over the eight least eight days.
Looking up vasectomies I discovered that in one study 18.7% and in another 14.7% of men had new onset scrotal pain post vasectomy .
Talking to my nurse, she says very few men complain of tenderness. I’d be fascinated to hear how many of you have experienced this and for how long .
My own tenderness by the way does not result in continuous pain but demands careful touching when washing and protection from being squeezed in any way. My explanation for it beggining 11 days post surgery is that that was the time needed to begin to build up back pressure.
0 likes, 45 replies
Signs And Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer
Many of these symptoms are more likely to be caused by something other than testicular cancer. A number of non-cancerous conditions, such as testicle injury or inflammation, can cause symptoms a lot like those of testicular cancer. Inflammation of the testicle and inflammation of the epididymis can cause swelling and pain of the testicle. Both of these also can be caused by viral or bacterial infections.
Some men with testicular cancer have no symptoms at all, and their cancer is found during medical testing for other conditions. For instance, sometimes imaging tests done to find the cause of infertility can uncover a small testicular cancer.
But if you have any of these signs or symptoms, see your doctor right away.
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Why Should I Care About Testicular Disease
Happily, significant testicular disease is uncommon and usually not serious. But if you have any testicular pain or a change in your testicles â such as a lump or a firmness â call your doctor. Even if youâre embarrassed, delaying an evaluation is not worth the risk.
As you might guess, testicular cancer is the most serious form of testicular disease. Itâs also the most common cancer in men ages 18 to 35, accounting for 1% of cancer in men in the U.S. It is usually curable.
Risk factors for testicular cancer include:
- previous history of testicular cancer
- undescended testicle as a child
- a close relative with testicular cancer
More common than testicular cancer is epididymitis, which is inflammation of the epididymis, a tubular structure next to the testicle where sperm mature. About 600,000 men get it each year, most commonly between ages 19 and 35. Unprotected sex or having multiple sex partners increases the risk of infectious epididymitis.
As many as one out of every five men has varicocele, which refers to swollen and dilated veins above the testicles , a condition that is usually benign. Hydroceles, which come from increased fluid around the testicle, also pose little risk.
What Are The Testicles
They produce both sperm and about 90% of testosterone, the male sex hormone. You can read more about testosterone here. They are located in the scrotum because sperm develops at a cooler temperature than inside the rest of the body.
The testicles start growing at around the age of 11-12 and by early adulthood reach their final size. It is quite normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other, although the size and shape should be roughly the same. It can also be normal for one to hang a bit lower than the other.
You can find out more about the testicles here.
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Prostate Cancer: Pain In Testicles Could Indicate The Cancer Has Spread
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Prostate cancer can develop when cells in the prostate gland start to grow in an uncontrolled way. In most men prostate cancer grows slowly and may not cause any problems. But some prostate cancers grow quickly and need early treatment to stop or delay them from growing.
Many mens prostates get larger as they get older because of a non-cancerous condition called prostate enlargement, said the NHS.
The health site added: Signs that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.
Symptoms of prostate cancer can include needing to pee more frequently, needing to rush to the toilet, difficulty in starting to pee, taking a long time while peeing, weak flow, feeling that your bladder has not emptied fully or blood in the urine.
What Are The Complications Of Prostatitis
Men with acute bacterial prostatitis may develop . This widespread inflammation can be life-threatening. It requires immediate medical treatment.
Antibiotics can cause an upset stomach. Men with chronic bacterial prostatitis may need lots of antibiotics to treat recurring infections. Some people develop antibiotic resistance, making treatment ineffective.
Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis can lower sperm count, affecting fertility.
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Managing Other Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Other prostate cancer symptoms can include:
Loss of libido . Side effects of drug treatments for prostate cancer can cause a loss of interest in sex and erection problems. A common treatment for prostate cancer is hormone therapy, which is used to slow your body down from making testosterone, the male hormone. Your doctor may recommend you do hormone therapy off and on to lessen the side effects of these medications.
To manage a loss of libido with prostate cancer, you can:
- Ask your doctor about breaks with your hormone therapy treatment, or only restart treatment when your prostate-specific antigen levels begin to rise
- Talk to your doctor about drug treatment for erection problems
- Seek advice from a sex counselor or therapist
- Talk with your partner about loss of libido
- Keep a healthy diet and stay active
Depression. News of cancer can be understandably difficult for you and your loved ones. Following a prostate cancer diagnosis, it isnât unusual for you to experience depression and other emotional side effects. Because stress is often another side effect of depression, depression in cancer patients has been linked to shorter survival times.
To manage the effects of depression, it can be helpful to:
- Join a support group for those with prostate cancer or in recovery
- Talk to your doctor about changes in your mood and feelings
- Talk to loved ones about what you are experiencing
- Try to remain active
To manage your thinking and memory, you can try to:
Testicular And Prostate Cancer
The NHS have targeted five symptoms relating to mens health that shouldnt be ignored, and along with moles, feeling depressed and impotence, these include symptoms of testicular and prostate cancer. We have outlined the key signs to look out for with these two cancers and what risk factors might be at play, as well as some useful links at the bottom.
Testicular cancer is one of the lesser common cancers but around 2,200 men in the UK are still diagnosed with it every year – incidence rates are increasing throughout the world and have more than doubled in the UK since the mid-1970s. The good news, however, is that survival rates for testicular cancer have actually risen year on year and the UK now boasts a 95% cure rate.
Testicular cancer usually affects younger men between the ages of 15 and 49, and so if you are within this age bracket and/or experiencing any of the following signs and symptoms, it is important to visit your GP as soon as possible.
The most common symptom is a lump or swelling in one of your testicles. Most of the time testicular lumps or swellings are not a sign of cancer, and in fact research has shown that less than 4% of testicular lumps are cancerous. Nonetheless they should not be ignored.
Other symptoms can include:
Remember it’s always important to be aware of what feels normal for you – get to know your body and make an appointment to visit your GP if you notice any changes.
Prostate Cancer Treatment: Radiation Therapy
Radiation, focused as a beam, can be used to kill cancer cells, especially those cells that have migrated from the prostate gland. Beams of radiation can be used to reduce bone pain caused by invasive cancer cells.
Low Dose Rate Brachytherapy
In another type of radiation therapy termed low dose rate brachytherapy, radioactive pellets about the size of a grain of rice are inserted into the prostate.
High Dose Rate Brachytherapy
High dose rate brachytherapy applies more radioactive sources temporarily into the cancerous prostate gland.
How Soon Can We Detect This
One of the main advantages of surgery over radiotherapy for prostate cancer is that following prostate removal, the PSA should be very low , which we can of course detect with blood tests. If metastasis occurs, because the metastatic cells originated in the prostate and therefore make PSA, the PSA level in the blood starts to rise. Once it has reached a given threshold additional or salvage treatment will be discussed.
A PSA level of more than 0.2 ng/ml defines biochemical recurrence. At this stage the cancer is still much too small to be seen on scanning. If it can be seen on a scan it is termed clinical recurrence, which generally does not occur until the PSA level is more than 0.5 ng/ml. Symptoms, such as bone pain, dont usually occur until the PSA is more than 20 ng/ml.
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Can Prostatitis Cause Dull Pain In The Testicles
Testicle is one of the genital organs, it is an important organ of the bodyit can be with many abnormal symptoms like swelling and pain in daily life. And for prostatitis, it is a common disease among males, the patients will experience many discomfort. Do the patients experience the dull pain in testicle?
Can prostatitis cause pain in testicles?How to eliminate the dull pain in the testicle caused by prostatitis?
Cause Of Urinary Problems As Men Age
Many men experience urinary symptoms as they age, which may be caused by inflammation of the prostate gland . In older men, symptoms may be due to a blockage in the tubes due to a benign enlargement of the prostate gland . The most common symptom is difficulty emptying your bladder. Urinary symptoms may become bothersome enough that they require treatment. Not all urinary symptoms are due to changes to the prostate. Also, some men have enlarged prostates and yet experience few, if any, symptoms.
Im a 22-year-old male, otherwise very healthy and active. I have been suffering from what I believe to be as low grade inflammation of my prostate gland.
Before I go into any more detail I feel its important to highlight the following
About a year ago I began to experience sharp testicular pains and had a swollen epididymis which I was eventually prescribed anti biotics for. There appeared to be a couple of cysts, which no longer cause me any discomfort. The sharp pains still remained for another couple of months in total and the swollen epididymis subsided.
I began researching to try and find out what was causing my testicle pains and I concluded I had indulged in far too much masturbation and sex, but mainly masturbation in my adolescent years.
Looking back, I can say that for a period of 5 or 6 years I master bated at least 3 times a day, sometimes 4 or 5, and the most ever was 11 times.
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How We Diagnose Prostatitis:
Prostatitis may be a clinical diagnosis, meaning it is presumed to be the causative issue even when no definitive findings are found. Our urologists may order/perform the following to diagnose prostatitis:
- History & Physical Exam
- Digital Rectal Exam: Inserting a gloved, lubricated, finger into the rectum to feel the prostate. The prostate may feel boggy and is usually more tender than normal in men with prostatitis.
- Urinalysis & Culture: Urine will almost always be positive for infection in men with bacterial prostatitis. However, because not all prostatitis is caused by bacteria, the urine may be negative for infection.
- Blood cultures/labs
- Transrectal ultrasound: An ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum to visualize the prostate.
- Cystoscopy: A look at the prostate and bladder with a small camera inserted through the urethra.
- Urodynamics: A study used to exam the function of the bladder and help determine if there is an outflow obstruction.
Types Of Testicular Cancer
The different types of testicular cancer are classified by the type of cells the cancer begins in.
The most common type of testicular cancer is ‘germ cell testicular cancer’, which accounts for around 95% of all cases. Germ cells are a type of cell that the body uses to create sperm.
There are 2 main subtypes of germ cell testicular cancer. They are:
- seminomas which have become more common in the last 20 years and now account for 50 to 55% of testicular cancers
- non-seminomas which account for most of the rest and include teratomas, embryonal carcinomas, choriocarcinomas and yolk sac tumours
Both types tend to respond well to chemotherapy.
Less common types of testicular cancer include:
- Leydig cell tumours which account for around 1 to 3% of cases
- Sertoli cell tumours which account for around 1% of cases
- lymphoma which accounts for around 4% of cases
This topic focuses on germ cell testicular cancer. You can contact the cancer support specialists at Macmillan for more information about Leydig cell tumour and Sertoli cell tumours. Their helpline number is 0808 808 00 00 and it’s open Monday to Friday, 9am to 8pm.
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Prostate Cancer And Incontinence
Incontinence the inability to control urine flow is a common side effect of all therapies directed at the prostate gland. Most patients do eventually regain complete urinary control. Exercises to strengthen the sphincter and surrounding pelvic muscles can help you regain urinary control. These are called Kegel exercises. A training program called biofeedback helps reinforce the proper performance of Kegel exercises. Medications may also help relieve incontinence. A male sling is a surgical option, as is an artificial urinary sphincter which can be surgically inserted in cases of severe incontinence. Ask your doctor about these options.
A Take On Testicular Cancer
Screening tests are very important in the early detection of the disease. Screenings include having a health provider check a mans testicles during a routine physical exam, and self-exams at home. It is recommended that all men examine their testicles monthly after puberty, and immediately see a doctor if they find a lump in a testicle.
Now, when it comes to discussing prostate cancer and testicular cancer, it is important to keep an open dialog with your doctor and not to be embarrassed to talk about these topics.
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