Thursday, April 18, 2024

Where’s The Prostate Gland Located

Must read

Is It Possible To Impregnate A Sexual Partner After Prostate Surgery

How To Activate Your Pineal Gland (extremely detailed explanation!)

Prostate surgery does not qualify as a type of birth control.

So, unless your doctor tells you that your surgery results in infertility, you have to assume that the possibility of impregnating a sexual partner with ovaries and a uterus remains.

Prostate surgery doesnt impact sperm, which is the reproductive cell that can fertilize an egg and result in pregnancy. What may be impacted is the amount of seminal fluid produced, which is what transports the sperm to the egg.

Urinary Tract Infections In Men: Symptoms Diagnosis And Treatment

Nonbacteria microbes may cause a different type of chronic prostatitis, known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome, which may also develop as a result of chemicals in the urine, a urinary tract infection, or pelvic nerve damage.

Affecting 10 to 15 percent of the U.S. male population, chronic pelvic pain syndrome is the most common type of prostatitis, but also the least understood.

Symptoms vary depending on the type of prostatitis, but can include urination problems, pain , fever, and body aches, among other things.

Some people develop asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, in which the prostate is inflamed but doesn’t produce any symptoms or require treatment.

Bacterial prostatitis is most often treated with antibiotics. Chronic pelvic pain syndrome may require drugs, surgery, and lifestyle changes.

Over time, prostatitis may cause sexual dysfunction, abscesses in the prostate, inflammation of nearby reproductive organs, and infection of the bloodstream.

Learn More About Prostate Problems and Complications

Experiment With Various Types Of Touch

You should play with what feels good once youve found the prostate. Applying a lubricant to your fingers or is much simpler and more convenient.

Some men prefer the sensation of constant pressure or pressing on the prostate, while others prefer stimulation or on-off pressure.

You should also try squeezing your PC muscle to see how the sensation of prostate stimulation shifts.

Recommended Reading: What Treatment Is Available For Prostate Cancer

What Are Common Treatments For The Prostate

Prostate treatment depends on the type of condition you have.

Prostate cancer

  • Active surveillance. You get screenings, scans and biopsies every one to three years to monitor cancer growth.
  • Brachytherapy. Brachytherapy is a type of internal radiation therapy. Your healthcare provider places radioactive seeds in your prostate. The seeds help preserve the surrounding healthy tissue.
  • Focal therapy. Focal therapy focuses on treating only the cancerous area of your prostate. Focal therapy options include high-intensity focused ultrasound , cryotherapy, laser ablation and .
  • Prostatectomy. Your healthcare provider surgically removes your prostate.


Depending on the cause and type of your prostatitis, your healthcare provider may recommend:

  • Medications. Some medications help relax the muscles around your prostate and bladder to help improve urine flow. Antibiotics help kill infection-causing bacteria.
  • Stress management. Counseling for anxiety and depression can help relieve symptoms.
  • Exercises. Pelvic floor exercises can help reduce or eliminate muscle spasms.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

  • Medications. Medications can help decrease the production of hormones that cause your prostate to grow.
  • Surgery. Surgery can remove the obstructing prostate tissue that blocks the flow of pee.
  • Water vapor therapy. A healthcare provider inserts an instrument through your urethra and into your prostate. The instrument emits steam vapor, which kills prostate cells and shrinks your prostate.

What Is Prostate Cancer

3B Scientific The Prostate Gland Chart

This diagram shows the location of the prostate, in front of the rectum and just below the bladder.

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Not including skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.

Don’t Miss: When Should You Get Prostate Exam

Normal Anatomy And Radiographic Appearance

The normal prostate gland surrounds the most proximal aspect of the urethra and lies ventral to the rectum and caudal to the urinary bladder, typically within the pelvic canal. In many dogs, especially neutered dogs, the normal prostate gland is not visible radiographically. With slight enlargement, whether normal or abnormal, the prostate gland is recognized radiographically by its round shape and soft tissue opacity and by the relation of the gland to the organs around it. The absolute normal size of the prostate gland is dependent on the age, size and neuter status of the dog being imaged.1 Inability to see the normal prostate gland is influenced by the fact that it is usually in direct contact with the rectum, resulting in the dorsal border of the prostate gland being effaced, especially if the rectum contains feces. A full rectum may also obscure the prostate gland on the ventrodorsal view. Also, if the shape or position of the prostate gland is altered, it may not be recognizable other than as a nondescript opacity between the bladder, rectum, and pelvis.2

The normal prostate gland is not visible in the cat because of its location on the dorsal lateral surfaces of the mid pelvic urethra and its small size, measuring normally only about 10mm in length.3 Prostatic diseases causing clinical signs in cats are very rare and will not be considered further in this chapter.

Donald E. Thrall DVM, PhD, DACVR , Ian D. Robertson BVSc, DACVR, in, 2016

Prostate Cancer Risk Increases With Age

People over age 55 are more likely to develop prostate cancer, but more often, it occurs even later. In fact, 60% of prostate cancers occur in people over age 65.

There is a wide range of treatment options for this condition. These include:

  • Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of the gland. It is performed either robotically or using laparoscopic methods.
  • Radiation therapy uses radio waves to kill cancerous tumors.
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs that target and kill cancer cells. These may be taken orally or intravenously.

Also Check: Green Light Surgery For Enlarged Prostate Reviews

You May Like: Where Does The Prostate Gland Secrete

What Is The Anatomical Structure Of The Prostate Gland

The prostate gland itself is quite small in size. It has a size that is often compared to a walnut.

Even though small, the prostate gland consists of multiple parts that work together. Each part has its role to play in ensuring the prostate gland can perform its appropriate functions.

The prostate is considered a fibromuscular gland. It consists of dense fibromuscular tissue. The shape is often described as an inverted cone. The base of the prostate gland surrounds the urinary bladders neck. The apex at the bottom region of the prostate gland sits at the outside of the urethras sphincter.

Several layers make up the prostate gland. These should be noted, too, when looking at the anatomy of the gland. At the inside of the prostate gland, there is a collection of tissue called the central one. This forms the base of the prostate gland. The base surrounds the male patients ejaculatory ducts.

The most substantial part of the prostate gland is the peripheral zone. This makes up an estimated 70% of the entire prostate gland. The majority of the central zone is surrounded by the tissue that makes up the peripheral zone of the gland. Some of the distal parts that are located at the prostatic urethra are also surrounded by the peripheral zones tissue.

A transition zone also forms part of the prostate gland. This is a small part called a glandular zone. It surrounds part of the urethra, located between the verumontanum and the bladder itself.

How Does The Prostate Work

Yoga for Prostate Problems over 50s

The prostate is located directly below the bladder and above the muscles of the pelvic floor. The rectum is behind the prostate, making it possible to feel the gland from the rectum using the finger. The ducts in the prostate gland flow into the urethra, which passes through the prostate. The word prostate is taken from the Greek expression meaning one who stands before, which describes the position of the prostate gland. Viewed from below, where the urethra leaves the gland, the prostate stands before the bladder.

The tissue of the prostate gland can be divided into three different zones, listed here from innermost to outermost, which encircle the urethra like layers of an onion:

The prostate has various functions:

Production of fluid for semen:

Hormone metabolism: In the prostate the male sex hormone testosterone is transformed to a biologically active form, DHT .

Recommended Reading: Is Turmeric Good For Prostate

You May Like: What Age To Get Tested For Prostate Cancer

How Big Is The Prostate

Your prostate is about the size of a walnut.

The prostate usually gets larger after age 40 . It can grow from the size of a walnut to the size of a lemon. Benign prostatic hyperplasia isnt cancerous, and it doesnt increase your risk of developing prostate cancer.

How much does your prostate weigh?

Your prostate weighs about 1 ounce , which is as heavy as five U.S. quarters.

Prostate Histology And Pathology

When a patient is suspected of suffering problems with their prostate tissue, there are certain things that a doctor needs to take into account. This helps the doctor determine what the patient might be suffering from.

This process generally starts even before any major tests are conducted. The doctor begins to collect data on prostate pathology and histology when the patient initially complains about specific symptoms.

Certain conditions can affect prostate gland function. This is why it is important for a male patient to ensure they consult with a physician when they have symptoms that may signal prostate problems.

Histology helps a doctor determine the specific risks that affect the patient. This can be an important part of choosing the right diagnostic tools. For example, with histology, the physician needs to consider the history of conditions like BPH and prostate cancer in the patients family.

Some studies have liked these conditions to certain hereditary and genetic factors. For this reason, a man with a family history of the conditions may be at a higher risk of developing these problems themselves.

This also helps to reduce the risk of unnecessary tests being conducted. For example, if a man has a family history of benign prostatic hyperplasia, a physician may consider testing for this condition first. This reduces the risk of a needle biopsy being performed, which can have serious side effects.

Don’t Miss: What Age To Check For Prostate

Be Prepared With Ezra

At ezra, your prostate health is our priority.

Ezra has also just received FDA clearance for prostate cancer artificial intelligence, the first lesion segmentation ever to be approved by the FDA.

With this technology, we are definitely ready to give you the best preventive approach to potential prostate cancer. You can read more here about how we compare with other techniques.

The Prostate Gland Is Fueled By Testosterone

Location of Prostate Gland in Men

The prostate gland is dependent on testosterone for it to function.

Testosterone is produced in a mans testes. Testosterone helps maintain sperm production, sex drive, and many more. Also, researchers have found a connection between high levels of testosterone and prostate cancer. However, it is important to keep the prostate healthy to enjoy pleasant sex life.

Recommended Reading: Prostate Proton Therapy Vs Surgery

Also Check: What Age Do Doctors Check Prostate

Where Is The Prostate Gland Located And What Functions Does It Have


Prostate cancer surgeries performed with the Da Vinci Robotic System are especially important for the patient not to experience loss of sexual function after the surgery. For the experienced laparoscopic surgeon, the arms of the da Vinci robot with 3D, high definition quality and 10-20 times magnification, 3D and 540° movable arms can easily protect the nerves and veins in the body and even in the most difficult places, and can remove the cancerous prostate and radically remove the prostate. provides a cure.

What is Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy?

Benign prostatic hypertrophy is a benign prostate gland enlargement, commonly known as prostate, which is common in men with advancing age. The tissue growth here does not tend to spread or spread to other organs as in cancer and causes complaints about urination.

Differential diagnosis is important because prostate symptoms give similar symptoms to prostate cancer. The development of BPH may occur due to various risk factors and the effect of sex hormones such as testosterone on the prostate tissue. The testosterone hormone synthesized from the testicles is converted to its form called dihydrotestosterone in the prostate gland, and this form of the hormone has a direct effect on the proliferation of prostate gland cells. After the increase in the hormone level, there is an imbalance between the production and destruction of prostate gland cells. This results in benign enlargement of the gland.

A Note About Sex And Gender

Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms male, female, or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. .

Prostate problems are common, especially in older men. The most common include an inflamed prostate, an enlarged prostate, and prostate cancer.

Symptoms of prostate trouble often appear as difficulty urinating, which might include poor bladder control or weak urine flow.

This article provides an overview of the prostate, including its function and structure, where it is, and what medical conditions can affect it.

1 ounce and is usually soft and smooth to the touch.

A person does not require a functioning prostate to live, but it is important for fertility. The following sections discuss the functions of the prostate.

Don’t Miss: How Do You Massage The Prostate

Learn The Function And Location Of The Prostate

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a mans blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a mans blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

Keeping Your Prostate Healthy

Pineal Gland – Definition, Location & Function – Human Anatomy | Kenhub

Living a healthy lifestyle is the best way to keep your body well and protect against cancer.

Maintaining a healthy body weight, not smoking, exercising regularly, and having a healthy diet can all play important roles in preventing disease, including prostate cancer.

  • A review of research suggests that eating red foods such as tomatoes and watermelon may reduce progression and growth of prostate cancer cells. Red foods contain a powerful antioxidant called lycopene.
  • Eating fruit, especially citrus fruit such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit, limes and mandarins may also slightly lower your risk of prostate cancer, according to some studies.
  • Coffee and green tea may also lower cancer risk, but more studies need to be done to confirm this.
  • A review of research done in 2014 indicated there may be a link between saturated fats and animal fats and prostate cancer risk, so it may pay to reduce intake of these types of fats.

For some ideas about looking after your health at all ages, read through the Queensland Governments guide to good health for men: Mens health through the decades.

And one last thing you may have heard that too frequent masturbation can cause prostate cancer. Its been studied, and so far there have been no links found between masturbating or having sex too often and prostate cancer. If anything, the effect may be the opposite, but more research is needed to know how and why.

Read Also: How Long Do Prostate Biopsy Results Take

Introduction: Anatomy And Function Of The Prostate Gland

Fig. 1. Anatomical zones of the prostate. The prostate consists of four anatomical zones the centreal , peripheral , and transition zones, and the anterior fibromuscular stroma .

Prostatic fluids arise from the epithelial cells lining the ducts that are separated from surrounding stroma by a basement membrane. The epithelium consists of basal, neuroendocrine and secretory cells and it is polarized so that the secretions arise at the luminal aspect of the epithelium including prostatic-specific antigen . Basally located epithelial cells secrete extracellular matrix for the basement membrane and also include the stem and stem progenitor populations. The surrounding fibromuscular stroma consists of smooth muscle cells, fibroblasts, nerves, endothelial cells, immune cells, and blood vessels. The smooth muscle component provides contractility that is required when proteins are exuded from the glands .

Fig. 2. Distribution of cell types within the prostate. The prostate is a glandular organ, consisting of an epithelial and stromal component, separated by a basement membrane.

Tracey S. Chenier, in, 2009

How Prostate Cancer Staging Is Done

Initial staging is based on the results of PSA blood tests, biopsies, and imaging tests. This is also called clinical staging.

PSA refers to a protein made by the prostate measured by a lab test.

  • A higher level of PSA can indicate a more advanced cancer.
  • The doctors will also look at how fast the PSA levels have been increasing from test to test. A faster increase could show a more aggressive tumor.

A prostate biopsy is done in your doctors office. The results can indicate:

  • How much of the prostate is involved.
  • The Gleason score. A number from 2 to 10 that shows how closely the cancer cells look like normal cells when viewed under a microscope. Scores 6 or less suggest the cancer is slow growing and not aggressive. Higher numbers indicate a faster growing cancer that is more likely to spread.

Recommended Reading: Can Cialis Shrink Enlarged Prostate

Gene And Protein Expression

About 20,000 protein coding genes are expressed in human cells and almost 75% of these genes are expressed in the normal prostate. About 150 of these genes are more specifically expressed in the prostate, with about 20 genes being highly prostate specific. The corresponding specific proteins are expressed in the glandular and secretory cells of the prostatic gland and have functions that are important for the characteristics of , including prostate-specific proteins, such as the prostate specific antigen , and the Prostatic acid phosphatase.

In the developing embryo, at the hind end lies an inpouching called the cloaca. This, over the fourth to the seventh week, divides into a urogenital sinus and the beginnings of the , with a wall forming between these two inpouchings called the urorectal septum. The urogenital sinus divides into three parts, with the middle part forming the urethra the upper part is largest and becomes the urinary bladder, and the lower part then changes depending on the biological sex of the embryo.

More articles

Popular Articles