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Sign And Symptom Of Prostate Cancer

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Soreness In The Groin

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

When prostate cancer spreads, its common for cancer cells to go to your lymph nodes and then move to more areas of your body. The lymph nodes are a network of glands that help your body filter fluids and fight infections.

There are several lymph nodes in your groin. These are the ones closest to your prostate, so its common for the cancer to spread to them first. Cancer cells prevent your lymph nodes from draining fluid and working properly. When this happens, your lymph nodes swell. As a result, you might experience pain or soreness in the area.

Recurrent Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Prostate cancer that returns after treatment is considered recurrent. When it returns to the area around the prostate, the disease is classified as a local recurrence. If the cancer is found in another part of the body, the recurrent cancer is considered metastatic. If the cancer metastasizes outside the prostate, it most likely develops in bones first. Metastatic prostate cancer most often spreads to the liver, bones and lungs.

After initial treatment for prostate cancer, PSA levels are expected to drop dramatically. The first sign of recurrent prostate cancer may be a rise in the PSA level. Other symptoms of recurrent cancer may depend on whether and where the cancer has spread. Symptoms include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty breathing

Patients should discuss any symptoms with their doctor and ask about scheduling regular PSA tests after treatment.

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“When I kept getting up in the night to go to the toilet, it was only my wife, Shawleen, who was concerned,” John told Express.co.uk. “I didnt think it was anything serious and just thought that it was a sign of getting older.” Encouraged by Shawleen, 61, to see the doctor in 2019, John booked an appointment and later found out he had prostate cancer.

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Best Urologists Share Advice On The Early Warning Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

New Delhi , January 4: Here are some suggestions from the best Urologist to assist on how it is important to detect the early signs of prostate cancer.

Dr. Himesh Gandhi, Robotic Uro-Surgeon and Laser Stone Prostate Specialist, Healing Hands Clinic, Navi Mumbai

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.

When cells in the prostate begin to grow out of control, prostate cancer may develop.

However, a large subset of patients with advanced-stage prostate cancer does not exhibit urinary symptoms. Diagnosing even more advanced stages of prostate cancer remains heavily dependent on PSA monitoring and the performance of a digital rectal exam.

Dr. Waheed Zzaman, MBBS, MS, MCh DNB , MNAMS.DIP LAP UROLOGY , ROBOTIC UROLOGY TRAINING, ROSWELL PARK INSTITUTE, BUFFALO Director Urology and Renal transplant, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, NEW DELHI

Sometimes prostate cancer mimics enlarged prostate symptoms. Many patients are asymptomatic and present only with low back pain and weight loss. Early-stage prostate cancer may be curable.

People should go for serum PSA screening at the age of 50 yrs and above. A DRE , an ultrasound, and a multiparametric MRI of the prostate, and based on all this, we plan for a TRUS-guided prostate biopsy. ROBOT-assisted Radical prostatectomy is the treatment of choice, and it is a minimally invasive surgery with less blood loss, early recovery and surgery with precision.

There Are Three Ways That Cancer Spreads In The Body

What are the most common earliest symptoms of prostate cancer?

Cancer can spread through tissue, the lymph system, and the blood:

  • Tissue. The cancer spreads from where it began by growing into nearby areas.
  • Lymph system. The cancer spreads from where it began by getting into the lymph system. The cancer travels through the lymph vessels to other parts of the body.
  • Blood. The cancer spreads from where it began by getting into the blood. The cancer travels through the blood vessels to other parts of the body.

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Other Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Some prostate cancer symptoms are less common and in some men may be associated with more advanced disease.

If you experience any of these prostate cancer symptoms, you should consult your healthcare provider immediately. There are many tests and procedures available for prostate cancer diagnosis and many options for prostate cancer treatment.

Originally published in February 2016 and updated.

Swelling In The Legs Or Feet

Swelling in the legs and feet may occur when prostate cancer spreads to the lymph nodes in the pelvis. The lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic system, which collects excess fluid from body tissues and organs, filters it, and returns it back to the bloodstream. When cancer cells enter lymph nodes and block lymph drainage channels, fluid can build up and lead to swelling.

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Testing Options For Prostate Cancer

There is no one age for prostate cancer testing, but the American Cancer Society makes recommendations about prostate cancer screenings. According to the ACS, patients in any of these groups should consider asking their doctor about testing:

  • Men age 50 or older who have an average risk of prostate cancer and a life expectancy of at least 10 more years
  • Men age 45 or older with a high risk, including African-American men and those with a first-degree relative who had prostate cancer before age 65
  • Men age 40 or older who have a higher risk, such as more than one first-degree relative diagnosed with prostate cancer at an early age

Expert cancer care

Surgery For Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer: Signs And Symptoms To Look Out For

Unlike with localized prostate cancer, surgery isnt usually used to treat metastatic cancer. However, it may be used in some cases if it can help improve a patients quality of life, often to resolve urinary problems or stop bleeding.

If prostate cancer is locally advanced and hasnt spread far, a radical prostatectomy may still be an option. A radical prostatectomy is a surgical procedure in which the prostate is removed, along with any nearby tissue that contains prostate cancer cells.

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The Signs Of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer can be silent. It usually is, at least while it is small. It doesnt cause any symptoms at that moment.

Thats because it usually grows in the periphery of the prostate, far from the urethra.

After it grows a little, you can start to get some symptoms. These are the most common:

  • Difficulty urinating: trouble starting or stopping to pee
  • Burningsensation or pain during urination
  • Frequent urges at night
  • As you can see, all these signs and symptoms are related to urination and .

    For example, as the prostate surrounds the urethra, prostate cancer may make it harder to pee.

    The tumor will narrow the duct and the urine flow will diminish. Thats when we find it difficult to urinate. Either through trouble starting or being unable to stop.

    Also, the effort of the bladder against the obstacle can cause a burning sensation or pain

    And so on many of these signs are due to this obstacle mechanism.

    What Are Some Common Signs And Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

    When it comes to the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, theres both good news and bad news. Lets get the bad out of the way first: Prostate cancer does not make its presence known in an obvious manner until it has progressed significantly.

    That means you may be quite ill by the time you notice that theres something wrong. In such situations, the prognosisor, how successful treatment is likely to beis often not as hopeful as youd want it to be. That said, heres the good news to keep in mind: Many of the clues below can be traced to other, less serious health conditions. You should never ignore them, but you should also know they dont automatically mean you have cancer.

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    Can Women Get Prostate Cancer

    Women do not have a prostate gland, therefore, they cannot develop the prostate cancer that affects men. However, some people refer to a womans Skenes glands as the female prostate.

    Maslow emphasizes, Women do not have a prostate. They do not need to worry about prostate cancer. We do appropriate screenings for female patients.

    The Skenes glands are the two small ducts located in front of the vaginal wall and along both sides of the urethra. These glands are not the same as prostate glands in men, though they function similarly in how they drain fluids into the urethra.

    What Should I Do If I Have Prostate Cancer Symptoms

    Prostate Cancer: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

    If you are displaying one or more signs of prostate cancer, be sure to promptly consult with a physician. Even benign prostate conditions like prostate enlargement warrant timely medical attention, so dont delay seeking treatment. And, like most other malignancies, prostate cancer is usually more easily treated when it is detected at an early stage.

    Medically reviewed by Monica Chatwal, MD.

    At Moffitt Cancer Center, we provide a full range of diagnostic testing for prostate cancer. If you have received a prostate cancer diagnosis, we understand that every day counts, and we want to support you every step of the way. Our Urologic Oncology Program includes a multispecialty team that focuses exclusively on evaluating and treating prostate cancer.

    Contact Moffitt at or complete a new patient registration form online to speak with one of our specialized oncologists about your symptoms. As Floridas top cancer hospital, were committed to providing all new patients rapid access to a cancer expert within a day of their reaching out.

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    Eight Types Of Standard Treatment Are Used:

    Watchful waiting or active surveillance

    Watchful waiting and active surveillance are treatments used for older men who do not have signs or symptoms or have other medical conditions and for men whose prostate cancer is found during a screening test.

    Watchful waiting is closely monitoring a patients condition without giving any treatment until signs or symptoms appear or change. Treatment is given to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.

    Active surveillance is closely following a patient’s condition without giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results. It is used to find early signs that the condition is getting worse. In active surveillance, patients are given certain exams and tests, including digital rectal exam, PSA test, transrectal ultrasound, and transrectal needle biopsy, to check if the cancer is growing. When the cancer begins to grow, treatment is given to cure the cancer.

    Other terms that are used to describe not giving treatment to cure prostate cancer right after diagnosis are observation, watch and wait, and expectant management.

    Surgery

    Patients in good health whose tumor is in the prostategland only may be treated with surgery to remove the tumor. The following types of surgery are used:

    Extreme Tiredness: Vital Sign Of Advanced Prostate Cancer

    There is a difference between fatigue and just feeling tired generally. Fatigue is when you experience a feeling of extreme tiredness that refuses to go away. No amount of rest makes the feeling of tiredness go away. This is usually one of the first signs men will notice of advanced prostate cancer. Men would be surprised to see how tired they actually start to feel and by the huge impact this level of fatigue has on their lives. Not only will fatigue affect your mood, but it reaches a level where even doing everyday tasks becomes difficult. While fatigue can be caused by the actual prostate cancer, even the treatments for the cancer cause fatigue. Besides, the accompanying stress, anxiety and lack of physical activity also contribute to the feeling of fatigue.

    How to Cope with Fatigue Caused By Advanced Prostate Cancer?

    There are several things you can do to better manage your fatigue due to advanced prostate cancer. These include:

    • Indulging in some level of physical activity.
    • Talking to your doctor.
    • Planning your tasks ahead of time and taking things slowly.
    • Asking for help with whatever you need, dont feel embarrassed or shy. You will be amazed to see how many people step up to help.
    • Seeking help for your emotional problems.
    • Make time to relax.
    • Sort out your sleeping schedule.
    • Eat well and drink plenty of water.

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    What Are The Treatments For Prostate Cancer

    Your treatment options usually depend on your age, your general health, and how serious the cancer is. Your treatment may include one or more of options:

    • Observation,which is mostly used if you are older, your prostate cancer isn’t likely to grow quickly, and you don’t have symptoms or you have other medical conditions. Your doctor will keep checking on your cancer over time so to see whether you will need to start treatment for the cancer. There are two types of observation:
    • Watchful waiting means having little or no testing. If symptoms begin or change, you will get treatment to relieve them, but not to treat the cancer.
    • Active surveillance means having regular tests to see if your prostate cancer has changed. If the tests show the cancer is starting to grow or if you develop symptoms, then you will have treatment to try to cure the cancer.
  • Surgery to remove your prostate gland may be an option if your cancer hasn’t spread outside of your prostate.
  • Radiation therapy uses high energy to kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing.
  • Hormone therapy blocks cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow. It may include taking medicines or having surgery to remove the testicles.
  • Chemotherapy uses medicines to kill cancer cells, slow their growth, or stop them from spreading. You might take the drugs by mouth, as an injection , as a cream, or intravenously .
  • Immunotherapy helps your own immune system to fight cancer.
  • /6what Are The Factors That Can Put You At Risk

    10 Warning Signs of Prostate Cancer

    While the cause for prostate cancer is not clearly known, there are several factors that can increase your chances of developing the disease:

    Age: Your risk of prostate cancer rises as you grow older. The disease gets more common for people above 80 years.

    Family history: If a blood relative already has prostate cancer, then you are at a higher risk of developing the cancer due to similar genes.

    Obesity: Being obese put you at a higher risk of prostate cancer. Further, the cancer is more likely to be aggressive for those who are obese.

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    Are Certain Types Of Prostate Cancer More Aggressive Than Others

    Almost all prostate cancers occur in people over the age of 50. Prostate cancers that occur in younger people are often more aggressive .

    The majority of prostate cancers are classified as adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma that starts in the ducts of your prostate gland tends to be more aggressive than adenocarcinomas that start in gland cells.

    Symptoms Of Recurrent Prostate Cancer

    Recurrent prostate cancer is the state where cancer returns after its treatment. It may occur around the prostate and refer to local recurrence. In case it is found in the other part of the body, it is also referred to as metastatic. Certain symptoms will let you get an idea about it. These are as follows:-

    • There is blood in the urine
    • Difficulty in urination

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    What Are Prostate Tests And How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed

    Tests which check for prostate cancer include:

    • A digital rectal exam . In this exam, your provider feels your prostate for lumps or anything unusual by inserting a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum.
    • A prostate-specific antigen blood test. A high PSA blood level may be a sign of prostate cancer. But many other things can cause high PSA levels, too.
    • Imaging tests. These tests may use ultrasound or MRI to make pictures of your prostate.

    If these tests show that you might have prostate cancer, the next step is usually a prostate biopsy. A biopsy is the only way to diagnose prostate cancer.

    During a biopsy, a doctor uses a hollow needle to remove some prostate tissue. The tissue is studied under a microscope to look for cancer cells.

    Further Treatments To Control The Cancer

    Pin on Prostate Health

    Your first treatment may help keep your cancer under control. But over time, the cancer may change and start to grow again. If this happens you might be offered other treatments, including:

    • more hormone therapy
    • clinical trials

    More hormone therapy

    Your prostate cancer may respond well to other types of hormone therapy, such as abiraterone , enzalutamide , steroids or oestrogens, or to a combination of treatments.

    More chemotherapy

    If youve had hormone therapy on its own as a first treatment, you might be offered a chemotherapy drug called docetaxel . This may help some men to live longer, and can help to improve and delay symptoms. If youve already had docetaxel, you might be offered more docetaxel or another chemotherapy drug called cabazitaxel .

    Radium-223

    This is a type of internal radiotherapy that may be an option if your cancer has spread to your bones and is causing pain. A radioactive liquid is injected into your arm and collects in bones that have been damaged by the cancer. It kills cancer cells in the bones and helps some men to live longer. It can also help to reduce bone pain and delay some symptoms, such as bone fractures. Read more about radiotherapy for advanced prostate cancer.

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