Monday, July 4, 2022

What Does The Prostate Gland Do

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What Are Seminal Vesicles And Prostate Glands

Questions with a Urologist: What is a Prostate Gland and What are Common Problems?

seminal vesiclessemenseminal glandprostate glandSeminal vesiclesemen

. Likewise, people ask, what is the difference between seminal vesicles and prostate gland?

The secretion of Seminal Vesicle is called as Seminal fluid and this constitutes 60% of the semen. The seminal vesicles also act as a transporting medium of the sperms. Prostate gland: It is located below the seminal vesicle round the urethra .

Additionally, what is the purpose of the seminal vesicles? The seminal vesicles are two small glands that store and produce the majority of the fluid that makes up semen. During ejaculation, the fluid from the seminal vesicles is expelled into the ejaculatory duct where it can then move on to mix with sperm and other reproductive fluids.

Just so, what is the role of secretion of seminal vesicles and prostate gland?

The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ whose main function is to secrete prostate fluid, one of the components of semen. Though prostate fluid is slightly acidic, another fluid in semen made by the seminal vesicles leaves semen slightly alkaline, or basic.

What type of cells do the seminal vesicles contain?

Seminal VesiclesThe epithelium is composed of pseudostratified columnar cells in the mouse and a simple columnar epithelium in the rat. The seminal vesicle fluid is a viscous secretion constituting 5080% of the ejaculate.

What Does My Prostate Do

It is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It’s supposed to be about the shape and size of a walnut.

It rests below your bladder and in front of your rectum. It surrounds part of the urethra, the tube in your penis that carries pee from your bladder.

The prostate helps make some of the fluid in semen, which carries sperm from your testicles when you ejaculate.

The Most Common Prostate Problem Among Men Over Age 50 This Condition Can Cause Embarrassing Urination Issues

While BPH does not increase your risk of getting prostate cancer or having sexual problems, it can affect quality of life, specifically by causing annoying and embarrassing urination problems.

“Since prostate enlargement happens gradually, men often think more frequent trips to the bathroom are a natural part of aging,” says Dr. Howard LeWine, chief medical editor at Harvard Health Publishing and an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital. “But a little medication can help relieve symptoms, meaning less urinary urgency and fewer nighttime awakenings to use the bathroom.”

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Whats Involved In A Prostate Exam And When Is It Needed

Due to the location of the prostate , it is possible to feel the organ with a finger inserted into the rectum. The tissues of the stroma give the prostate an elastic feel to the touch.

Several prostate health issues may develop as a man ages, in particular prostatitis , enlarged prostate , and prostate cancer.

A prostate exam, also known as a digital rectal exam, is a common procedure to help diagnose these issues.

For the exam, a doctor will insert a gloved, lubricated finger into your rectum while you’re standing, bending forward at the waist, or lying on your side with knees pulled up .

The doctor will feel your prostate to determine its size and look for bumps, hard spots, or other abnormalities that may be indicative of prostate cancer.

The prostate exam is not typically painful unless there’s an abnormality within your prostate.

How Does The Male Reproductive System Work

Key Take Home Points About the Prostate Gland  FeM Surgery

The male reproductive system:

  • releases semen into the reproductive system of the female during sexual intercourse
  • produces sex hormones, which help a boy develop into a sexually mature man during puberty

When a baby boy is born, he has all the parts of his reproductive system in place, but it isnt until puberty that he is able to reproduce. When puberty begins, usually between the ages of 9 and 15, the located near the brain secretes hormones that stimulate the testicles to produce testosterone. The production of testosterone brings about many physical changes.

Although the timing of these changes is different for every guy, the stages of puberty generally follow a set sequence:

  • During the first stage of male puberty, the scrotum and testes grow larger.
  • Next, the penis becomes longer and the seminal vesicles and prostate gland grow.
  • Hair begins to grow in the pubic area and later on the face and underarms. During this time, a boys voice also deepens.
  • Boys also have a growth spurt during puberty as they reach their adult height and weight.

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What Are Common Prostate Problems What Are The Symptoms And Signs

    Here are some examples of non-cancer prostate problems:

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, means your prostate is enlarged, but is not cancerous. It is very common in older men. An enlarged prostate may make it very difficult to urinate or cause dribbling after you urinate. You may feel the need to urinate a lot, often at night. See your family doctor for an exam. Treatments for BPH include:

    • Watchful waiting, also called active surveillance. If your symptoms are not too bad, your doctor may tell you to wait before starting any treatment to see if the problem gets worse. Your doctor will tell you how often you need to return for checkups. You can start treatment later if your symptoms worsen.
    • Medications. There are medicines that can help shrink the prostate or help relax muscles near your prostate to ease your symptoms. Talk with your doctor about possible side effects.
    • Surgery. If nothing else has worked, your doctor may suggest surgery to help urine flow. There are many types of BPH surgery. Talk with your doctor about the risks. Regular checkups are important after surgery.
    • Other treatments. Sometimes radio waves, microwaves, or lasers are used to treat urinary problems caused by BPH. These methods use different kinds of heat to reduce extra prostate tissue.

      Possible Cancer Protection From Prostate Drugs

      Early research suggested that 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors , a class of drugs used to treat prostate enlargement, might increase the risk of developing more aggressive prostate cancer. However, newer studies have found that not only do the drugs appear to pose no extra risk, they may even protect against prostate cancer.

      For instance, research from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial study in 2013 showed that taking the 5-ARI finasteride for seven years could lower the chance of getting low-grade prostate cancer by 25% among men ages 55 and older. A follow-up study of almost 9,500 men, published in the Nov. 1, 2018, issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, also showed that finasteride lowered the risk by a similar amount , and found the protective effect lasted for at least 16 years.

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      Exercise Can Impact Prostate Health

      Keeping active helps to balance hormone levels, prevent obesity and boost the immune system. Regular exercise helps to reduce your risk of many types of cancer and some studies show that it might have an effect in reducing prostate cancer risk too.

      And it’s never too late – studies have shown that exercise is still beneficial for men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer and are receiving treatment for it.

      Aim for 150 minutes per week of exercise that makes you feel a bit out of breath. Don’t worry if you can’t manage this though, even small amounts can make a difference to your health. Brisk walking is enough, just gradually build up the time you spend doing it. You should also try to avoid sitting for long periods of time too.

      : 29-01-2020

      Sex And The Prostate: Overcoming Erectile Dysfunction When You Have Prostate Disease

      What Is The Prostate And What Does It Do?

      If you are concerned about erectile function, its important to understand what erectile dysfunction really is. Failing to have an erection one night after youve had several drinks or even for a week or more during a time of intense emotional stress is not erectile dysfunction. Nor is the inability to have another erection soon after an orgasm. Nearly every man occasionally has trouble getting an erection, and most partners understand that.

      Erectile dysfunction is the inability to attain and maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse at least 25% of the time. The penis doesnt get hard enough, or it gets hard but softens too soon. The problem often develops gradually. One night it may take longer or require more stimulation to get an erection. On another occasion, the erection may not be as firm as usual, or it may end before orgasm. When such difficulties occur regularly, its time to talk to your doctor.

      Erectile dysfunction can have many causes, including some forms of prostate disease and medications and surgery for prostate cancer. Fortunately, in many cases, this problem can often be effectively addressed. Some men find relief by taking medications to treat erectile dysfunction. If these arent effective for you, a number of other options, including injections and vacuum devices, are available. The possibility of finding the right solution is now greater than ever.

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      Cause Of Urinary Problems As Men Age

      Many men experience urinary symptoms as they age, which may be caused by inflammation of the prostate gland . In older men, symptoms may be due to a blockage in the tubes due to a benign enlargement of the prostate gland . The most common symptom is difficulty emptying your bladder. Urinary symptoms may become bothersome enough that they require treatment. Not all urinary symptoms are due to changes to the prostate. Also, some men have enlarged prostates and yet experience few, if any, symptoms.

      Hydration Could Be Linked To Prostate Health

      Japanese and Chinese men have very low levels of prostate cancer and green tea is thought to be one reason why. Green tea is rich in polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties which could potentially reduce cancer risk.

      Alcohol and fizzy drinks are rich in sugar, which can pile on the pounds. We know obesity is linked to cancer so switch to water instead to reduce calories, help flush out the kidneys and keep the body hydrated.

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      Is It Easy To Orgasm This Way

      Lets say it may take some practice and patience.

      Actual clinical research on prostate-induced orgasms is seriously lacking, so we dont know how common it is or if its possible for everyone with a prostate to have this type of orgasm.

      Every body is different, so some experimenting to see what feels good is in order. If you do manage to have one, reproducing it will be easy.

      Treatment For Prostate Disease

      What is the Prostate Gland and Why is it Important?

      Treatment for prostatitis may include antibacterial drugs and supportive treatments, depending on the type of prostatitis.Treatment for BPH may include medications to relax the smooth muscle of the gland or to shrink the size of the prostate, and surgery to produce a permanently widened channel in the part of the urethra that passes through the prostate.Treatment for prostate cancer is tailored to suit individual circumstances. The nature of the cancer, other health problems the person may have, and their wishes will all be taken into account.Management approaches for prostate cancer include:

      • active surveillance

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      The Psa Test Can Help Diagnose Prostate Cancer

      To rule out prostate cancer, your GP usually suggests that you have a PSA test. This is a blood test that measures the level of a protein called Prostate specific antigen . PSA is produced in the prostate gland and found in small amounts in the blood.

      A raised PSA level can be a warning sign of the presence of prostate cancer and other problems.

      A raised PSA level can be a warning sign of the presence of prostate cancer. It can also indicate other problems that aren’t cancer – three out of four men with a raised PSA level will not have prostate cancer. PSA levels can also be normal when a cancer is present. This is why PSA is not used as a general screening test. However, the higher the PSA level, the greater the likelihood of a cancer being present.

      Can Prostate Cancer Be Prevented

      There are no clear prevention strategies for prostate cancer. There is some conflicting evidence that a healthy diet composed of low fat, high vegetables and fruits may help reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Routine screening, with PSA blood test and physical exam, is important to detect prostate cancer at an early stage. A healthy diet and regular exercise are also critical in maintaining good health and preventing disease in general.

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      Who Might Get An Enlarged Prostate

      BPH is common and cannot be prevented. Age and a family history of BPH are two things that increase the chances you might get it. A few stats on that:

      • Some 8 out of every 10 men eventually develop an enlarged prostate.
      • About 90% of men over the age of 85 will have BPH.
      • About 30% of men will find their symptoms bothersome.

      Why Erectile Dysfunction May Result From Prostate Disease

      What is the prostate? | Ask a Nurse

      In the past, it was thought that most cases of erectile dysfunction were psychological in origin, the result of such demons as performance anxiety or more generalized stress. While these factors can cause erectile dysfunction, doctors now think that 70% of the time the problem can be traced to a physical condition that restricts blood flow, hampers nerve functioning, or both. Such conditions include diabetes, kidney disease, multiple sclerosis, atherosclerosis, vascular disease, and alcoholism.

      However, some types of prostate disease and treatments may also be responsible.

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      Symptoms Of Benign Prostate Enlargement

      The prostate is a small gland, located in the pelvis, between the penis and bladder.

      If the prostate becomes enlarged, it can place pressure on the bladder and the urethra, which is the tube that urine passes through.

      This can affect how you pee and may cause:

      • difficulty starting to pee
      • a frequent need to pee
      • difficulty fully emptying your bladder

      In some men, the symptoms are mild and do not need treatment. In others, they can be very troublesome.

      Prostate Massage Therapy And Why It May Be Helpful

      Prostate massage therapy , in which the prostate is stimulated through the rectum, was once a popular treatment for prostatitis.

      The procedure is similar to a digital rectal exam, except rather than briefly looking for abnormalities on the prostate, the person performing the prostatic message rubs the prostate with light to moderate pressure until it secretes fluid through the urethra .

      It was once thought that people could relieve symptoms related to prostatic congestion by expelling inflammatory cells and fluid from the obstructed glands. But this therapy largely fell out of favor in the 1960s, once antibiotics became available.

      A study published in the journal Neurology tested whether prostate massage could be used as an adjunct treatment for people with chronic prostatitis, but the researchers found that the treatment did not significantly help patients.

      In some cases, doctors have used prostate massage therapy to obtain sperm from men with spinal cord injuries, leading to successful pregnancies. But electroejaculation stimulating the prostate using an electric current delivered through a probe inserted into the rectum typically yields more sperm, noted an article published in the journal Nature Reviews Urology.

      Using prostate massage to achieve ejaculation is sometimes called prostate milking. Both prostate massage and prostate milking can also be sexual techniques to stimulate pleasure.

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      Why People Do It

      The prostate is one of the male erogenous zones. An erogenous zone is a highly sensitive area of the body that may generate a sexual response when stimulated.

      Prostate milking may be very pleasurable. Because the prostate plays a role in producing semen, stimulating it may produce a more intense orgasm during ejaculation.

      Some people practice prostate milking because of its purported health benefits, rather than for sexual stimulation.

      The primary benefit of prostate milking is that it feels good. It may make sex more pleasurable and enhance closeness between partners.

      There is also limited evidence that prostate massage may improve prostate health. A 2009 preliminary trial of a home prostate massage device found that men with chronic prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia experienced a reduction in symptoms following home prostate massage.

      Prostate milking is not usually dangerous. However, a very aggressive technique could, in theory, cause minor injury to the skin or rectum.

      Also, prostate massage, especially when it is intense or forceful, could be painful.

      Prostate massage also presents a small risk of prostate infection. If a person massages the prostate with dirty hands, this could introduce bacteria into the area. Similarly, bacteria from the rectum can travel elsewhere if a person does not wash their hands thoroughly after a prostate massage.

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      How Does The Prostate Play A Role In Male Fertility

      Prostate &  Prostate Signs

      The prostate gland is essential for reproduction and male fertility due to the prostatic fluid it produces.

      The components of the prostatic fluid ensure that sperm is healthy and is able to fertilize eggs. Prominent components of prostatic fluid include:

      • The enzyme prostate-specific antigen , which thins or loosens up semen so that sperm can travel more freely
      • Prostatic acid phosphatase, an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of energy-rich compounds present in seminal fluid and may also increase sperm’s motility
      • Citric acid, which may help maintain osmotic-electrolytic equilibrium in semen
      • Zinc, which is important for semen coagulation
      • Spermine, which is ultimately responsible for semen’s unique odor and may play a role in sperm motility and helping sperm fertilize eggs, according to an article published in Endocrine Reviews.
      • Prostatic inhibin, or prostatic secretory protein, a protein that plays a role in regulating cell growth

      Additionally, prostatic fluid is alkaline , and research published in July 2015 in the journal PLoS One suggested that the pH level of sperm can play a role in reproduction, helping maintain the viability of sperm and successful fertilization.

      Infertility may develop if there are changes to the composition or secretion of the prostatic fluid.

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