Unfortunately Some People Can Have Cancer Without Any Symptoms Which Means Re
If breast cancer is diagnosed at an early enough stage, its treatable. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in men. Recognize these common warning signs of prostate cancer. Getting a diagnosis of bladder cancer can be a difficult time. Roughly 21,000 women a year are diagnosed with ovarian ca. Colon cancer is the third deadliest cancer affecting both men and women in the united states. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer. But hearing the words can still be scary. Although screenings for prostate cancer are one tool for early detecti. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer, the better the patients chance of survival is. Specifically, they form in your liver, which is an organ that cleans your blood and helps your body process nutrients. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in men. Ovarian cancer occurs when there are mutations of abnormal cells in the ovaries.
Part of what makes colon cancer so deadly is that it often goes relatively unnoticed because of a lack of early symptoms. Compared to other types of cancer, such as lung cancer,. Being armed with information is vital to begin the fight. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer. Here are 10 more facts about prostate cancer.
Do You Know The Five Warning Signs Of Prostate Cancer
Do you know that prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in American men next to skin cancer? Do you know that the prostate is a vital part of a mans reproductive system? Do you know men can have both benign and cancerous growths in the prostate gland? Most importantly, do you know the five warning signs of prostate cancer? Every man should know when to take action.
Hormone Therapy For Prostate Cancer
Hormonal therapy is typically used to treat prostate cancer in recurrent cases or when the tumors reach a more advanced stage and cant be cured by surgery or radiation.
Doctors use this type of treatment to suppress androgens in your body. Androgens are male hormones that help prostate cancer cells grow. Testosterone and dihydrotestosterone are the most common androgens, and they are produced by either the testicles or the adrenal glands.
The main hormonal therapy options include orchiectomy and various medications to suppress androgens. For example, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists lower testosterone produced by the testicles and anti-androgens keep androgens from causing tumor growth. Other medications, such as abiraterone and ketoconazole, block the production of androgens made by the adrenal glands.
The main drawback with androgen suppression is the short-term and temporary nature of its effects, meaning it isnt an option to cure prostate cancer.
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How Can Prostate Cancer Be Treated
Prostate cancer can be treated in a number of different ways depending on factors such as the severity of cancer and the rate at which it is growing.
Maslow explains, In my 20 years of oncology experience, I have seen many changes on the front of prostate cancer. All treatment forms depend on the aggressiveness of the disease and the patients current health status. Radiation often plays a big part in treatment of prostate cancer. This comes in many formsexternal beam radiation, prostate seed implants, proton therapy, high intensity focused ultrasound, and chemotherapy. In some cases for advanced disease, radioactive isotopes can be administered to make the patient more comfortable.
Low-grade prostate cancer may not require treatment, especially if you arent experiencing any symptoms. In these instances, a doctor may recommend active surveillance, which involves closely monitoring symptoms and undergoing regular blood testing, rectal exams, and prostate biopsies.
Other treatments for prostate cancer include hormone therapy, freezing or heating the prostate tissue, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted drug therapy. Your doctor can recommend the best prostate cancer treatment for you based on your unique condition.
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Lower Your Risk For Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a serious disease, but early detection is key. Talk to your doctor about your risk factors and when or if you should be screened for prostate cancer sometimes as early as age 40, if youre considered high risk.
Theres no way to eliminate the risk of getting prostate cancer, Dr. Weight says, but if youre at a higher risk for developing the disease, there are steps you can take to lower your risk.
- Get regular prostate screenings.
Warning Signs Of Prostate Cancer / Shepard Medical
Of course, your specialist is the main person whose advice you should follow but it doesnt do anyone harm. Part of what makes colon cancer so deadly is that it often goes relatively unnoticed because of a lack of early symptoms. Roughly 21,000 women a year are diagnosed with ovarian ca. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in men. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer, the better the patients chance of survival is.
What Is Evaluation Of The Primary Tumor In Prostate Cancer
Evaluation of the tumor :
- TX: Cannot evaluate the primary tumor.
- T0: No evidence of tumor.
- T1: Tumor present but not detectable clinically or with imaging.
- T1a: The tumor was incidentally found in less than 5% of prostate tissue resected .
- T1b: The tumor was incidentally found in greater than 5% of prostate tissue resected.
- T1c: The tumor was found in a needle biopsy performed due to an elevated serum PSA.
It should be stressed that the designation T2c implies a tumor which is palpable in both lobes of the prostate. Tumors which are found to be bilateral on biopsy only but are not palpable bilaterally should not be staged as T2c.
Evaluation of the regional lymph nodes :
- NX: The regional lymph nodes cannot be evaluated.
- N0: There has been no spread to the regional lymph nodes.
- N1: There has been spread to the regional lymph nodes.
Evaluation of distant metastasis :
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What Are The 5 Warning Signs Of Prostate Cancer A Quick Recap
As weve seen, most of the warning signs of prostate cancer are related to problems when you pee if youre going to the bathroom more often than before, see blood in your urine, or have weak flow, its important to get checked out.
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Frequent Urination Particularly At Night
Frequent urination at night is a symptom we call nocturia in a doctors jargon. It is actually one of the earliest symptoms that patients with prostate cancer report. Waking up at night to urinate is uncommon in young males, but it is not alarming.
When this happens every night, it can be due to the patients habits and moderate prostate growth. But waking up twice or three times every night should be an alarm sign for men, especially after 50 years old.
Urinary frequency also increases throughout the day. Patients may need to use the bathroom very often, which becomes a problem when they go out. This symptom should be closely monitored in some patients with a voiding diary. In this diary, patients input how much water or other liquids they are taking. They also input the number of times they go to the bathroom and the hour. This way, we can differentiate when patients are only drinking too much water. It is also useful to give doctors clear and accurate data instead of an approximate number by memory recall.
Urination becomes more frequent because prostate enlargement presses upon the urethra. The available space becomes reduced, and the bladder needs to push harder to urinate. Theres a pressure change in the bladder, and it will only void partially, leaving the remaining volume of urine accumulating. So, it fills once again more rapidly, triggering the urge to urinate.
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So What Are The Warning Signs Of Prostate Cancer
Unfortunately, there usually arent any early warning signs for prostate cancer. The growing tumor does not push against anything to cause pain, so for many years the disease may be silent. Thats why screening for prostate cancer is such an important topic for all men and their families.
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In rare cases, prostate cancer can cause symptoms. Contact your doctor for an evaluation if you experience any of the following:
- A need to urinate frequently, especially at night, some- times urgently
- Difficulty starting or holding back urination
- Weak, dribbling, or interrupted flow of urine
- Painful or burning urination
- Difficulty in having an erection
- A decrease in the amount of fluid ejaculated
- Pressure or pain in the rectum
- Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, pelvis, or thighs
What about difficulty in having an erection? Again, this is most likely not caused by cancer but by other factors such as diabetes, smoking, cardiovascular disease, or just plain getting older.
That said: Symptoms are symptoms, and no matter whats most likely to be causing them, you should get them checked out by a doctor.
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Determining The Proper Treatment
There are a number of treatment options for prostate cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic.
- Radiation. Radiation therapy can be delivered in a few different ways. One is external beam radiation, in which a machine outside the body delivers radiation to the prostate tissue. Another form of therapy, known as brachytherapy, involves using radioactive seeds to deliver a low dose of radiation directly to the prostate tissue.
- Hormones. The hormone testosterone acts as fuel for prostate cancer cells inside the body. By blocking the production of testosterone, you can kill off the cancer. Possible treatments include medications that stop the production of testosterone, medications that block testosterone from reaching cancer cells or, in extreme cases, surgery to remove the testicles.
- Surgery. For life-threatening prostate cancer, surgery to remove the prostate gland and surrounding tissues may be recommended.
- Biological therapy. Biological therapy uses your bodys own immune system to fight cancer. In the case of prostate cancer, your bodys immune cells are engineered in a lab to fight prostate cancer, and then injected back into your body.
- Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a traditional cancer treatment thats used to stop its spread. It may be needed for prostate cancer that has spread to other areas of the body.
- Cryosurgery or cryoablation. Freezing prostate tissue and then thawing it out has shown some success in killing prostate cancer when other treatments have failed.
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Difficulty Stopping Or Starting Urination
A weak or unsteady urine flow, and in particular having difficulty getting a pee stream started, or dribbling when you finish peeing, is another warning sign to check out. Again, this urinary symptom is most often not sinister, but can sometimes be due to a tumor. However, this symptom should always be checked out.
Probiotics And Prostate Health
Theres no direct evidence that probiotics can reduce prostate cancer risk or affect the course of the disease in men who already have prostate cancer.
However, the benefits of probiotics include improving gut dysbiosis and inflammation . As discussed above, these might be underlying risk factors for developing prostate problems, including prostate cancer.
Probiotics can also be helpful to improve symptoms of prostatitis an inflammation of the prostate thats usually caused by a bacterial infection .
In a 2014 clinical trial, long-term treatment with rifaximin and a probiotic supplement reduced the recurrence rate of chronic prostatitis and prevented the spread of infection to other parts of the reproductive tract .
Some studies suggest chronic prostatitis may increase the risk of prostate cancer . However, others say theres no link, or that having prostatitis may even decrease your risk .
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What Are The Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer
Some of the greatest risk factors for prostate cancer include:
- Age. Prostate cancer is very rare in men younger than 40 years of age. In contrast, approximately 60% of prostate cancer cases occur in men that are older than 65.
- Race. African-American men tend to be at greater risk for prostate cancer compared to non-Hispanic whites, whereas Asian-Americans and Hispanic/Latino men are less susceptible to this disease.
- Location. Prostate cancer is most common in North America, Europe, Australia, and the Caribbean. It is rarer in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. This may be because of more intensive screening procedures for the disease in certain countries, although lifestyle factors such as diet could also play a key role in the difference.
- Family history. In many cases, there is a strong hereditary factor associated with the emergence of prostate cancer. In fact, men who have a father or brother with prostate cancer have a much higher risk of developing it themselves.
Other possible risk factors could include a dairy-rich diet, obesity, smoking, and exposure to harmful chemicals.
Psa Tests And Screening
Testing for cancer when you have no symptoms is called screening. There is no national screening programme in Ireland, as theres little evidence that screening would reduce deaths from prostate cancer. It also could mean men having unnecessary treatment for very slow-growing prostate cancer, which could cause side-effects that affect their lives more than the cancer would.
If youre worried
Talk to your GP about:
- Your risk of prostate cancer eg if you have close family members with prostate cancer
- The pros and cons of prostate cancer screening
- What the tests involve
- The decisions you might have to make if your PSA was raised
- How these decisions might affect your life. Eg having treatment and getting side-effects
Should I use a home PSA test kit?
Prostate problems are best diagnosed by your GP, who can take your medical history and carry out a physical examination, as well as doing the PSA test.
Remember your PSA level can be raised for other reasons it doesnt mean you have prostate cancer. Its also possible to have cancer and a normal PSA level. Read more about understanding PSA test results.
Diagnosing prostate cancer
Your family doctor will talk to you about your symptoms. He or she may do some tests. For example:
Digital rectal examination Inserting a gloved finger into your back passage to see if your prostate feels normal. It can be a little uncomfortable but it doesnt take long.
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When To See Dr Steven Gange
Note your symptoms and take action. If you are between the ages of 59 and 69, are African American, and/or have a family history of prostate cancer, see your doctor as soon as possible.
Typically, a screening test for prostate cancer will be performed, which includes digital rectal exam and a PSA test.
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Your Role In Prostate Cancer Screening
The time to diagnose, treat and cure prostate cancer is through good screening versus waiting until symptoms arrive. Sometimes patients wait for their primary care doctor to guide them, however, due to some confusion in the frequency PSA testing guidelines, many primary care doctors are not familiar with the current recommendations, so you should be your own advocate and let your urologist be your guide.
A PSA test is a simple and inexpensive blood test that is used to detect prostate cancer. PSA testing works. Prior to regular PSA screening, in the mid 90s, 75% of men who were found to have prostate cancer had metastatic disease. Meaning the cancer had spread outside of the prostate. Today, with regular PSA testing, urologists can find prostate cancer while it is localized to the prostate and when that happens, the cure rate is in the mid 90% range.
Urologists recommend a PSA screening at least every other year and for some at higher risk every year. Men should think about starting PSA testing at age 55 and continue at least until they are 70, and even after 70, if healthy. Some higher risk individuals may need to start screening earlier. For those individuals who have a primary relative who has been diagnosed with prostate cancer and those who are African American it is recommended that they begin screening in their 40s.
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