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How To Reduce The Chance Of Prostate Cancer

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Things To Consider For Prostate Cancer Prevention Guidelines

Dr. William Oh on Reducing Prostate Cancer Risk
  • You should choose items that are low in fats and carbs while eating foods to prevent prostate cancer.
  • Foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids such as nuts, fish and seeds are good foods that can prevent prostate cancer.
  • Green tea and soy milk are beneficial for reducing the risk of this cancer.
  • You should consult with your urologist to discuss your personal medical history if you are uncertain about your chances of this ailment.
  • Tomatoes, broccoli and cauliflower are superior among foods that can prevent prostate cancer.
  • You should take into regard what are the risk factors for prostate cancer for yourself and your family.

Can Physical Activity Reduce My Risk Of Prostate Cancer

Regular physical activity is good for your general health and wellbeing. It can help you to stay a healthy weight and help prevent health problems such as heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and some cancers.

We dont yet know whether physical activity can help prevent prostate cancer. But some studies suggest it may help to lower your risk, particularly of aggressive prostate cancer and advanced prostate cancer.

Take A Vitamin D Supplement

Vitamin D is a hormone that our bodies produce when exposed to sunlight. Like plants make energy when sunlight touches them, we create vitamin D when sunlight penetrates our skin.

Because of how much time we spend indoors combined with our latitude, most adults in the United States are deficient in vitamin D. This deficiency may increase your chances of prostate cancer, so add in a daily vitamin D supplement, especially during the winter or if you dont spend much time outdoors.

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Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer

Like many other diagnoses, prostate cancer has risk factors you can change and those you cant. For example, smoking is a potential risk factor that you can change. But we have no control over things like age, family history, and racethe main risk factors for prostate cancer.

If you have a direct relative diagnosed with prostate cancer , your chances of getting it are twice as high. Age increases the risk of many cancers, prostate cancer being just one. Stats show its rare before age 45 and becomes more common as men get older most cases of prostate cancer are seen in those 65 and older.

Its not entirely clear why, but African American men have almost double the risk of prostate cancer and are more likely to die from the disease. It could be due to inherited genes, environmental factors, or a combination of both .

Therapeutic Vaccines For Prostate Cancer

Home Remedies for Prostate Cancer

Vaccines for prostate cancer, which for several years have been shown to generate immunological responses, are beginning to show significant clinical promise. Dendritic cell vaccines are highly proficient antigen-presenting cells that localize to multiple epithelial sites. The addition of proteins like prostate-specific membrane antigen or prostatic acid phosphatase GM-CSF fusion protein to such vaccines appears to have beneficial effects in prolonging survival in carcinoma prostate. Whole-tumor cell vaccines have been investigated for some years. The GM-CSF secreting vaccine GVAX is an admix of the prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and LNCaP whereas Onyvax-P consists of irradiated cell lines from Ony-Cap 23, LNCaP and P4E6. Both these vaccines are currently undergoing Phase III studies following evidence that they reduce PSA velocities, extend time to progression and are well tolerated. Pox virus-based vaccines utilizing live recombinant vaccinia or recombinant fowlpox, induce expression of tumor-associated antigens and stimulate T cell activation. However, the efficacy and long-term safety of these vaccines are currently being assessed in various trials.

Summary: Trials on vaccines offer great promise for prevention of prostate cancer in the near future.

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Which Foods Might Increase My Risk Of Prostate Cancer

We dont know for certain whether any foods increase the risk of prostate cancer. But some foods might increase your risk if you eat a lot of them.

Dairy foods

Eating or drinking lots of dairy products, such as milk, yoghurt and cheese, might increase your risk of prostate cancer. This could be because they contain calcium. But researchers are also looking into other causes.

Its still important to eat some dairy foods every day to keep your bones healthy. Dairy alternatives with added calcium, such as soya yoghurt and soya milk, also count. Choose lower-fat and lower-sugar options when you can.


Having too much calcium in your diet might increase your risk of prostate cancer. But you do need about 700mg a day to keep your bones healthy. You can get this from a balanced diet. For example, a 200ml glass of milk contains between 240-260mg of calcium and a 120g low fat yoghurt contains about 180mg. You can also get calcium from dairy alternatives, fish, bread, and some vegetables.

Red and processed meat

Eating red and processed meat increases your risk of some types of cancer. We don’t know if it increases the risk of prostate cancer. Red meat includes beef, pork, lamb or goat. Processed meat includes sausages, bacon, ham, salami, and other cured or preserved meats. You should try to limit the amount of red and processed meat you eat. Try to cut down to no more than 70g per day.


Visit our research section for updates on new research.

The Following Have Been Proven Not To Affect The Risk Of Prostate Cancer Or Their Effects On Prostate Cancer Risk Are Not Known:

Selenium and vitamin E

The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial studied whether taking vitamin E and selenium will prevent prostate cancer. The selenium and vitamin E were taken separately or together by healthy men 55 years of age and older . The study showed that taking selenium alone or selenium and vitamin E together did not decrease the risk of prostate cancer.


It is not known if decreasing fat or increasing fruits and vegetables in the diet helps decrease the risk of prostate cancer or death from prostate cancer. In the PCPT trial, certain fatty acids increased the risk of high-grade prostate cancer while others decreased the risk of high-grade prostate cancer.


Regular use of multivitamins has not been proven to increase the risk of early or localized prostate cancer. However, a large study showed an increased risk of advanced prostate cancer among men who took multivitamins more than seven times a week.


Some studies have shown that a diet high in lycopene may be linked to a decreased risk of prostate cancer, but other studies have not. It has not been proven that taking lycopene supplements decreases the risk of prostate cancer.

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Prostate Cancer Awareness Month Topics:

Sex is Fun!

A study by the National Institutes of Health in 2004 initially suggested that frequent sexual activity might reduce the incidence of prostate cancer.

The Health Professionals Follow-up Study, which followed 32,000 men for 18 years, also supports this. Men with frequent sexual activity showed a 20% lower risk of prostate cancer. Jennifer Rider, the studys lead author, suggests, Safe sexual activity could be good for prostate health. Studies also show that regular sexual activity reduces stress and improves mood.

How can exercise prevent prostate cancer?

Evidence is mounting that inflammation and oxidation both play key roles in the development of prostate cancers and other conditions. Fortunately, research from the prevention side suggests that regular exercise may be one of the best natural antioxidants.

A study published recently in the Journal of Clinical Oncology specifically evaluated the effects of exercise in prostate cancer patients. They studied men who exercised vigorously for at least 3 hours per week. 49% showed reduced overall mortality, and 61% reduced prostate cancer mortality, compared to men having less than 1 hour per week of vigorous activity.

And, dont forget that intense exercise can actually alter your DNA. A period of intense exercise can positively change your gene regulation.

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What Vitamins Or Supplements Help Prevent Prostate Cancer

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There are some supplements that may help prevent prostate cancer, such as:

  • Fatty acids, also known as omega-3s, which can help reduce your risk of prostate cancer. They are found in fish like sardines, tuna, mackerel, trout and salmon. However, the research on this is not conclusive. A study in 2013 suggested that increased fatty acids may lead to prostate cancer.
  • Cranberry extract, which includes a flavonol that may inhibit prostate cell growth and decrease the PSA level.

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Drink Coffee And Green Tea

Research shows that drinking coffee may be beneficial in preventing prostate cancer. While data on this topic is limited, studies have found that heavy coffee drinkers are at a lower risk of advanced or fatal prostate cancer.

If you dont like coffee, try tea. Green tea is packed with antioxidants called catechins and polyphenols that decrease inflammation and may protect against cancer cell formation. Its always a good idea to check with a healthcare provider or assess your caffeine intake before increasing how much coffee or tea you consume .

Does Prostate Cancer Ever Have Symptoms

Symptoms are rare, but they can develop in later stages. If you experience any of the following, check in with your doctor4:

  • Difficulty starting to pee
  • Weak or difficult flow of urine
  • Needing to pee a lot, especially at night
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder completely
  • Pain or burning during peeing
  • Pain in your back, hips or pelvis that doesnt go away

Keep in mind that these symptoms can also be signs of an enlarged prostate a common but benign condition.

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Develop Good Sleep Habits

Adults need 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night to recharge and stave off diseases. Develop a soothing nighttime routine for optimum rest. Turn off your phone and dim the lights before turning in.

Of course, theres no guarantee that lifestyle alone will prevent prostate cancer. Your genes play a big part in the disease. But a healthy lifestyle can go a long way to reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

What Is The Treatment For Advanced Prostate Cancer

Reduce Prostate Cancer Risk With Healthy Food Options â Alicia Bell ...

No matter where prostate cancer spreads, its still treated as prostate cancer. Its harder to treat when it reaches an advanced stage.

Treatment for advanced prostate cancer involves targeted and systemic therapies. Most men need a combination of treatments and they may have to be adjusted from time to time.

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Eat Less Meat And Dairy

Studies have shown that men who eat foods high in animal fat, such as dairy and red meat, were more likely to develop prostate cancer. Its important to note that these studies do not show that fattening foods actually cause prostate cancer rather, they show there is a correlation between prostate cancer and consuming things like cheese or bacon. Nonetheless, oncologist Dr. David Wise of the Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone advises patients to err on the side of caution and get most of their fat from avocados and nuts over animal products.

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What Can You Do To Prevent Prostate Cancer

When it comes to how to prevent prostate cancer, it is important to discuss any relevant family history with your healthcare provider. Beyond things you cant change like family history or race, there are many lifestyle factors to consider.

While there is no specific prostate cancer prevention diet, there are steps you can take to improve your overall health. Focusing on your overall well-being may help you to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer.

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What You Can Do

Its important that you learn all you can about advanced prostate cancer so you can make informed decisions. Be open with your doctors and others on your healthcare team. Express your concerns and feel free to advocate for yourself and your quality of life. Get another medical opinion if you feel its necessary.

Some complementary therapies may prove helpful in coping with advanced cancer. For example:

  • tai chi, yoga, or other movement therapy
  • meditation, breathing exercises, or other relaxation techniques

A variety of services can help you with everything from lodging while youre getting treatment to getting some help around the house. Communicating with online or in-person groups are a good way to share information and lend mutual support.

Vitamin Mineral And Other Supplements

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Vitamin E and selenium: Some early studies suggested that taking vitamin E or selenium supplements might lower prostate cancer risk.

But in a large study known as the Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial , neither vitamin E nor selenium supplements were found to lower prostate cancer risk. In fact, men in the study taking the vitamin E supplements were later found to have a slightly higher risk of prostate cancer.

Soy and isoflavones: Some early research has suggested possible benefits from soy proteins in lowering prostate cancer risk. Several studies are now looking more closely at the possible effects of these proteins.

Taking any supplements can have both risks and benefits. Before starting vitamins or other supplements, talk with your doctor.

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What Foods Kill Prostate Cancer Cells

No food will directly kill prostate cancer cells. A healthy diet made up of specific superfoods will improve prostate health. Start by increasing your consumption of fruits and vegetables that contain antioxidants that fight cancer.

  • Isoflavones are present in foods like soybeans, chickpeas, peanuts, alfalfa sprouts and lentils. Isoflavones are phytoestrogens that help regulate hormones and cause cell death. Consider adding foods like peanut butter, hummus and tofu to your diet to boost isoflavone consumption.
  • Lycopene is an antioxidant that is in red foods like tomatoes. It is easiest for your body to break down if it is cooked or pureed like in marinara sauce, tomato paste, tomato juice or sundried tomatoes.
  • Plant-based fats are the preferred dietary choice. Animal fats, like those found in lard, butter and cheese, cause an increase in the risk of prostate cancer. Choose instead olive oil, avocados, nuts and seeds for your fat consumption.
  • Coffee also has benefits. A 2015 study found that coffee may have a beneficial effect related to coffee consumption.
  • Green tea according to multiple studies. Green tea supplements may help as well.

Prostate Cancer Stages: What You Need To Know

There are four prostate cancer stages, which refer to how quickly and how far the cancer has spread.

The stages are based on guidelines set by the American Joint Committee on Cancer .

To determine your prostate cancer stage, your doctor will perform a number of tests, including:

  • Digital rectal exam, in which your prostate is felt for abnormalities
  • A blood test to measure the amount of PSA thats circulating in your body
  • A biopsy to extract cancerous tissue and grade how likely it will spread based on its appearance compared with normal prostate tissue
  • Various imaging tests, such as computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans
  • Bone scans to look for cancerous cells in bone

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Lung Cancer Risk Factors

Risk factors for lung cancer are things that put someone at a greater risk of developing the disease. These factors dont necessarily mean someone will get lung cancer, but the more risk factors a person has, the higher their risk is of getting lung cancer at some point in their lifetime.

Common lung cancer risk factors include:

  • Smoking tobacco products, including cigarettes, pipes, and cigars.
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke
  • Working near harmful substances, such as asbestos, arsenic, tar, and soot.
  • Living in an area with high levels of air pollution
  • A family history of lung cancer
  • Beta carotene supplements in heavy smokers

However, these factors dont only apply to lung cancer. Many of these increase an individuals risk of developing many other forms of cancer as well!

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Maxlivings Nutritional And Exercise Plan To Reduce Risk Of Prostate Cancer

How To Lower Prostate Cancer Risk

If youre reading this, theres a good chance you realize paying attention to the nutrition and nutrients we get from the foods we eat and becoming more physically active dramatically improves or chances of living longer and happier lives. Yet, while many people associate good nutrition and exercise habits to looking better, they are also vital to reducing our risk of certain cancers including prostate.

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Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer Spread To The Lymph Nodes

Lymph nodes are part of a system of tubes and glands in the body that filters body fluid and fights infection.

There are lots of lymph nodes in the groin area, which is close to the prostate gland. Prostate cancer can spread to the lymph nodes in the groin area, or to other parts of the body. The most common symptoms are swelling and pain around the area where the cancer has spread.

Cancer cells can stop lymph fluid from draining away. This might lead to swelling in the legs due to fluid build up in that area. The swelling is called lymphoedema.

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Can Prostate Cancer Be Prevented

Yes, prostate cancer prevention is possible and effective. Though there is no single strategy that ensures ways to prevent prostate cancer, a variety of precautionary measures can be successful.

Here are some expert-approved tips on how to prevent prostate cancer:

1. Load up on fruits and vegetables: A healthy diet filled with a range of fruits and vegetables is customary to prostate cancer prevention. Several studies have proved that the antioxidants present in these food items prevent damage to cells present in the prostate.

Red fruits such as tomatoes are rich in lycopene . Lycopene has been associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer. Other fruits and vegetables that protect against this cancer are leafy greens such as spinach, beans, peas, blueberries, grapefruit, oranges and watermelon.

2. Consider taking vitamin supplements: Vitamins and minerals are essential to our overall well-being. They are regarded as significant in prostate cancer prevention guidelines.

However, maintaining a well-balanced intake of vitamins, minerals and proteins through natural means is not always possible. Supplements help us to compensate for any nutrient demand that has not been met.

3. Exercise most days of the week: The importance of exercise for cancer prevention is crystal clear. Irrespective of your body weight, you are advised to engage in physical activity regularly.

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