Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Life Expectancy Advanced Prostate Cancer Metastasis

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Stage 4 Cancer Treatments

About Advanced (Metastatic) Prostate Cancer

Stage 4 cancer has the highest mortality rate. Therefore, many people who have stage 4 cancer or know their family or friend has one, have already given up. They only see the people with this cancer as those who only wait for the end of their life.

The truth is the opposite. Thanks to medical sciences growth, nowadays, many data and tests show a patient with stage 4 cancer is treatable and even curable. As mentioned earlier, there are two purposes of the treatment. It is either to stop the growth and kill the cancer cell or to control the growth and wait for the end.

Regardless of the purposes, the treatment for cancer in stage 4 is similar. Here, we have the examples of the standard treatment for stage 4 cancer:

· Chemotherapy is said to be the safest method to treat stage 4 cancer. However, if cancer has spread extensively, this treatment could risk affecting other organs, which can cause another health problem for the patient.

· Radiation therapy this treatment is also suitable for cancer that hasnt spread too much. The doctor uses this treatment to reduce the size of the cancer cell and relieve the symptoms.

· Immunotherapy this method uses the natural immune system of the patients body to fight the cancer cell. It has a high success rate for low-grade cancer cells.

· Surgery remove the cancer cell or tumor and the problem is gone. Of course, it is only doable for cancer in the earlier stage of metastasis.

Psa Levels In Metastatic Prostate Cancer

As part of your ongoing treatment, your care team will regularly test your PSA levels. PSA stands for prostate-specific antigen, which can be high in men who have prostate cancer. PSA tests are used not only for the initial cancer diagnosis but also to observe the advancement of the disease over time.

Generally, PSA levels are higher in men with metastatic prostate cancer. However, in rare cases, its possible to have a low PSA even if you have metastatic disease. For these patients, disease progression is better measured in other ways, such as through imaging tests and biomarker tools.

What Types Of Testing Should I Expect For Monitoring My Condition

Since metastatic prostate cancer isnt curable, your doctor will most likely set up regular visits to check the cancers location, and to manage any long-term side effects from the cancer or any medication youre taking.

And since treatments for advanced prostate cancer are changing so fast and need to be given in a certain sequence to be the most effective, youll probably have not only a prostate cancer doctor but other specialists taking care of you. Your care team should coordinate closely, say the authors of a major study of such teams published in August 2015 in the journal Annals of Oncology.

Along with regularly testing your prostate-specific antigen levels, your care team may request blood tests that measure such prostate cancer indicators as alkaline phosphatase and lactate dehydrogenase. Magnetic resonance imaging or PET scans of the spine or other bones can also help identify how your cancer responds to treatment.

If youve had radiation, youre at an increased risk for bladder and colorectal cancer and should get screened regularly for these as well.

The tests youll have and how often youll need them should be customized to you. Your care team will consider your overall health, medications that are safe for you to take, other health conditions you might have, and what stage your cancer was when you were diagnosed.

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Why Do Some Men Get Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy diagnosed in men. Prostate cancer is a disease defined by the abnormal growth of cells. These abnormal cells can proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, if left untreated, form tumors which may metastasize or spread to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer has the potential to grow and spread quickly, but for most men, it is a relatively slow growing disease.

For men who suspect that they might have prostate cancer, it is very important to understand the risk factors and symptoms. Knowing where the prostate is located in the body, and the functions of the prostate will explain the impacts of prostate cancer and prostate cancer treatment. Patients diagnosed with prostate cancer need to discuss with their doctors their particular type, aggressive or non-aggressive, of prostate cancer. This will allow the patient, working with their doctor to determine the most effective treatment for their cancer.

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a man’s blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

What Is My Outlook

Stage 4 Prostate Cancer Life Expectancy

If youre diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer, you may want to know how well your treatment is likely to control your cancer and for how long it will control it. This is sometimes called your outlook or prognosis. But not all men will want to know this.

While it isnt possible to cure advanced prostate cancer, treatments can help keep it under control, often for several years. Treatments will also help manage any symptoms, such as pain.

No one can tell you exactly what your outlook will be, as it will depend on many things such as where the cancer has spread to, how quickly it has spread, and how well you respond to treatment. Some men may not respond well to one treatment, but may respond better to another. And when your first treatment stops working, there are other treatments available to help keep the cancer under control for longer. Speak to your doctor about your own situation and any questions or concerns you have.

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Stage 4 Cancer Life Expectancy

The life expectancy of stage 4 cancer is different depending on the type of cancer. However, there is a 5 years rule, which is the average maximum survivability of stage 4 cancer patients. Within those 5 years, the cancer case could worsen and lead to death. On the other hand, with proper treatment, a patient also can survive more than those 5 years limit.

For example, a breast cancer patient in the last stage will receive a similar diagnosis by using that 5 years limit. However, according to the research, 28% of people can pass through that 5 years limit. Thus, the life expectancy of a breast cancer patient in the late stage is 28%. To help you understand this part, we have already categorized the cancer life expectancy based on the cancer type.

Stages Of Prostate Cancer

In order to determine the stage of a patients prostate cancer, most doctors start by using the TNM staging system, which helps describe different aspects of the cancers growth.

  • T the T category measures the size and extent of the Tumor
  • N the N category measures whether and how far the cancer has spread to the Lymph Nodes
  • M the M category whether the cancer has spread to other organs in the body (a process called Metastasis

The score for each of these categories is determined based on a pre-determined set of criteria. Your doctor cannot feel or see the tumor with a score of T1. A score of T3 means that the tumor has begun to grow outside of the prostate.

After calculating the TNM categories, doctors will combine the TNM score with the patients Gleason score and PSA levels assigning of a specific stage to the patients cancer.

Prostate cancer prognosis and survival rates can help give patients an idea of their chances of surviving the disease based on the stage and time of diagnosis. While some patients may find this information helpful, others may not want to know.

Also Check: Usc Westside Prostate Cancer Center

Metastatic Prostate Cancer Symptoms

With metastatic prostate cancer, you may notice different symptoms than those generally associated with other stages of the disease. Some of the most frequently occurring symptoms include:

  • Bone pain, particularly in the pelvis, ribs, skull and spine
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • General feeling of being unwell
  • Changes in urinary habits, such as needing to go more often
  • Cough, breathlessness or other changes involving your lungs and chest

Not everyone with metastatic prostate cancer will experience each of these symptoms, but you should speak with your care team if you notice any such changes.

Survival Rates By Tnm Stage

Life Expectancy with Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

The first approach is based on the TNM stage statistical survival times are matched to the stage of the disease.

TNM Lung Cancer Stage
M1c 6.3 months

By contrast, the one-year survival rate for stage 4 lung cancer was reported in one study to be between 15% and 19%, meaning this portion of patients with metastatic disease lived for at least a year.

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Targeted Prostate Cancer Treatment Options To Help Patients Outperformstandardized Treatment Models

An early diagnosis and subsequent prostate gland removal may not be enough to prevent the cancer from recurring as anadvanced prostate cancer, a few months or years later. At Envita Medical Centers, a world-class integrative center forPrecision Oncology, we have been treating late-stage and complicated cancers for over 20 years using the latest inmedical research and technology to give our patients a greater chance to respond to care.

Our revolutionary new treatments provide alternatives to invasive surgeries which can be damaging to the immunesystemand potentially lead to further cancer spread. Envitas powerful and personalized combinations of leading-edgeconventional treatments and advanced natural therapies have proved beneficial for patients of all stages of disease.Even those with stage IV metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer or those who had been sent to hospiceby other well-established cancer centers have benefitted from our treatments and are leading healthy, disease-freelivestoday.

Castrate Refractory Prostate Cancer: A Wider Range Of Options

In this section, we explain the treatments available at Birmingham Prostate Clinic for patients once their disease becomes resistant to hormone treatment, called castrate refractory prostate cancer. Two types of treatments are needed to:

  • Control the cancer and preventing further spread of cancer
  • Control or prevent the symptoms caused by the spread of prostate cancer to the bones

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Read Also: Prostate Removal After Radiation Therapy

What Factors Determine Life Expectancy For Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The life expectancy of someone with cancer depends on the extent of metastasis and which organs are involved. Metastatic prostate cancer is designated as stage IV:

  • Stage IVA: Cancer has progressed to surrounding lymph nodes but not to distant locations.
  • Stage IVB: Cancer has progressed to distant tissues and organs, such as the bones or smooth muscles.

Generally, prostate cancers do not spread rapidly to other areas of the body. Most prostate tumors grow slowly and may not cause symptoms or complications for years, if at all.

Even when prostate cancer has spread to other regions of the body, it is usually treatable for an extended period. As a result, even men with advanced prostate cancer can enjoy good health for many years. However, if not properly treated, prostate cancer can cause serious symptoms and even turn fatal.

Chemotherapy For Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Stage 4 Prostate Cancer

Chemotherapy may be used for patients with metastatic prostate cancer, with the aim of slowing any further spread of cancer and improving quality of life.

The most commonly used chemotherapy medications, typically given via an intravenous line, are docetaxel combined with prednisone. However, there are several chemotherapy drugs available, so ask your doctor which types may be most appropriate for your treatment.

In some cases, these treatments are considered palliative, intended to relieve difficult symptoms and improve quality of life.

Prostate cancer treatment: The care you need is one call away

Your multidisciplinary team will work with you to develop a personalized plan to treat your prostate cancer in a way that fits your individual needs and goals.

Read Also: Will Blood Test Show Prostate Cancer

The Truth About Stage 4 Metastatic Cancer

The most advanced stage of any types of cancers is stage 4 metastatic cancer. Stage 4 cancer of any kind is hard to treat. This still means that there is a chance for curing. There are many clinical trials that are improving that contribute in the increase of survival rates of patients.

Stage 4 Metastatic Cancer

However, the improvement of prognosis depends on the treatment. How a patient responds to the treatment matters a lot. Having the right treatment is very important for survival.

Stage 4 metastatic cancer life expectancy is not good at all. It has the lowest percentage when it comes to the five-year survival rate. This is because the cancerous cells have already spread to other parts of the body. Therefore, the stage 4 metastatic cancer prognosis of patient is poor and not progressive. Lets take an example such as in stage 4 metastatic cancer liver. This is the condition wherein the cancer has spread from the liver to others parts of the body. This cancer of the liver which is already in its most advanced stage has originated from the lungs that spread to breast, pancreas, large intestines and stomach. This is a condition that may be difficult to cure. Another example is the stage 4 metastatic cancer spine is the cancer in the spine that has widely spread the cancer cells to the whole spine and to other parts of the body too.Treating this stage cancer very extensively is needed for patients to survive.

What Is A Patients Life Expectancy After A Stage 4 Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

A Stage 4 prostate cancer diagnosis is reserved for those whose cancer has progressed outside the prostate to other organs. Usually the cancer is no longer responding to hormonal therapy at this point. There are a variety of medications available for patients with this diagnosis to help extend their length and quality of life. Dr. Howard Tay discusses these medications and life expectancy with Stage 4 prostate cancer in this video.

To learn more about Stage 4 prostate cancer watch Treatment Options for Stage IV Prostate Cancer with Dr. Howard Tay.

Video Transcripts

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What Is Localized Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the prostate gland. Localized prostate cancer has not spread outside the gland. Early prostate cancer usually doesnât cause symptoms.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. Most men who get it are older than 65. If your father, brother, or son has had prostate cancer, your risk is higher than average.

Men of African descent have the highest rates of both prostate cancer and deaths from it.

About 21,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in Canada every year.footnote 1 In the United States, about 12 out of 100 men in the U.S. will be diagnosed with prostate cancer sometime in their lifetime.footnote 2 But most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer donât die from prostate cancer.

Unlike many other cancers, prostate cancer is usually slow-growing. When prostate cancer is found earlybefore it has spread outside the glandit may be cured with radiation or surgery.

Prostate cancer that has grown beyond the prostate is called advanced prostate cancer. Treatment choices are different for that stage of cancer.

Survival For All Stages Of Prostate Cancer

Keeping Metastatic Prostate Cancer at Bay

Generally for men with prostate cancer in England:

  • more than 95 out of 100 will survive their cancer for 1 year or more
  • more than 85 out of 100 will survive their cancer for 5 years or more
  • almost 80 out of 100 will survive their cancer for 10 years or more

Survival for prostate cancer is also reported in Scotland and Northern Ireland. But it is difficult to compare survival between these countries because of differences in the way the information is collected.

Cancer survival by stage at diagnosis for England, 2019Office for National Statistics

These statistics are for net survival. Net survival estimates the number of people who survive their cancer rather than calculating the number of people diagnosed with cancer who are still alive. In other words, it is the survival of cancer patients after taking into account the background mortality that they would have experienced if they had not had cancer.

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Customized Medications For A Comprehensive Treatment Plan

In our clinical experience, commercially available drugs in their standard form cannot treat all the key targetsunraveled via our proprietary testing, which is why we develop customized medications to comprehensively treat each ofour patients. Most other standard healthcare centers and hospitals are compelled to depend on pharmaceutical companiesthat mass-produce drugs without the ability or willingness to customize and change compounds to suit each individualpatient. However, we at Envita are not limited by this factor, as we bring the future of personalized medicines to youvia our in-house pharmacy.

Our specially trained pharmacists compound adjuvants, suitable for each patient, with the highest quality and safetystandards. These adjuvants function more than basic supplements because they help in attacking the disease, as well asrebuilding patients immune systems.

The Following Reasons Explain Why And How Envitas Personalizedprecision Oncology May Help In Overcoming Standardtreatment Challenges:

The NCCN guidelines do not allow access to precision oncology for all patients, but at Envita, with our unique andpersonalized precision approach, we aim to identify early signs of micro metastases and proactively treat thecancereven before it manifests symptoms.
Personalized precision oncology improves the chances of response in late-stage prostate cancer patients, while inearly-stage, it helps reduce the likelihood of subsequent recurrence or metastasis.
The one-size-fits-all protocols are derived from large sample clinical trials, which is why they may be effectiveforsome, but not all prostate cancer patients, despite having the same type and stage of the disease.
These standard treatment protocols may not be enough to target all the distinct cancer expressions of eachindividualpatient, leading to a recurrence or metastatic spread of the disease as the cancer turns resistant to treatment.

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