Tuesday, November 29, 2022

How To Know If You Have Prostatitis

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Are Prostatitis And Bph The Same Prostate Gland Problem

How do you know if you have prostate cancer?

The answer to this question is yes and no, because both may have some similar health symptoms , but each prostate problem have different causes. Yes, BPH is by definition an enlarged prostate, and no, because the cause is not an infection/inflammation like prostatitis. However, not all enlarged prostates are due to BPH. An enlarged prostate may be caused by BPH, prostatitis, and prostate cancer.

Are The Treatments For Prostatitis And Bph Different

The treatment for an enlarged prostate and prostatitis are very different.

BPH treatment may include an interactive questionnaire to determine the extent of your symptoms. The results of the questionnaire may influence what medications or other treatments you may need. Drugs used to treat BPH include:

  • Alpha receptor blockers
  • Phosphodiesterase inhibitors
  • Anticholinergic agents

Some patients with more severe prostatic enlargement may need surgery. A transurethral resection of the prostate is the usual procedure to reduce pressure on the urethra by reducing the size of the prostate.

Treatment for prostatitis depends on the type.

  • Bacteria acute and chronic prostatitis are typically treated and cured with antibiotics like fluoroquinolones or trimethoprim. These infections typically take longer to cure so you may have to take antibiotics for as long as 4-8 weeks. Some infections of the prostate gland are resistant or unresponsive to treatment so antibiotics like gentamicin or doxycycline may need to be injected directly into the gland.
  • Type III, chronic bacterial prostatitis and pelvic pain syndrome, is treated similarly with antibiotics, however, alpha-blockers and NSAIDs , for example, aspirin, ibuprofen , naproxen also are used.
  • Type IV, asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, in most patients requires no treatment. However, some doctors prescribe antibiotics and NSAIDs for this condition.

What Are The Complications Of Prostatitis

Men with acute bacterial prostatitis may develop . This widespread inflammation can be life-threatening. It requires immediate medical treatment.

Antibiotics can cause an upset stomach. Men with chronic bacterial prostatitis may need lots of antibiotics to treat recurring infections. Some people develop antibiotic resistance, making treatment ineffective.

Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis can lower sperm count, affecting fertility.

Read Also: How Likely Is It For Prostate Cancer To Spread

Early Signs Of Prostate Cancer

While any of the above symptoms can be your first indication that you have prostate cancer, urinary symptoms are more likely than other symptoms to appear early.

Its important to keep in mind that most of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions that arent cancer. These conditions include benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis.

So, while its important to keep tabs on any symptoms you may have, remember that theres a good chance theyre not caused by cancer.

That said, neither of these conditions causes blood to appear in your urine. If you have this symptom, call your doctor right away.

Its also because the results from the prostate-specific antigen test, which can be part of the screening, may lead to a misdiagnosis of cancer. For both of these reasons, screening could cause unnecessary worry and unneeded treatment.

How Are Bacterial Forms Of Prostatitis Managed Or Treated

Syptoms Of Prostate Cancer

Antibiotics can kill bacteria that cause bacterial types of prostatitis. Men with acute bacterial prostatitis may need 14 to 30 days of antibiotics, starting with IV antibiotics in the hospital. Rarely, men need surgery to drain an abscess on the prostate.

Treating chronic bacterial prostatitis is challenging. You may need up to three months of antibiotics to sterilize the prostate. If the prostate cant be sterilized, low-dose antibiotics can be used long term to prevent recurrences. Some men need surgery to remove prostate stones or scar tissue in the urethra. Rarely, surgeons remove part or all of the prostate gland .

Read Also: What Can Be Done For An Enlarged Prostate

Surgery For Prostate Cancer

There are many types of surgery for prostate cancer. Some are done to try to cure the cancer; others are done to control the cancer or make symptoms better. Talk to the doctor about the kind of surgery planned and what you can expect.

Side effects of surgery

Any type of surgery can have risks and side effects. Be sure to ask the doctor what you can expect. If you have problems, let your doctors know so they can help you.

Tests For Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and any similar problems youve had before. This is because chronic bacterial prostatitis tends to affect people whove had infections in the past. They will then try to rule out other problems that could be causing your symptoms. For example, theyll ask you to have a urine test to make sure you dont have a urine infection. They may also do some further tests ask your doctor for more information about these.

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Recognizing The Signs And Symptoms Of Prostatitis

You may have certain symptoms involving urination, such as:

  • Pain or burning
  • Having to pee frequently, especially at night
  • Having cloudy or bloody urine

Other symptoms you might have include:

  • Abdominal, lower back or groin pain
  • Pain in the testicles or penis
  • Pain with ejaculation
  • Pain between the scrotum and rectum

With bacterial prostatitis, you may also have fever, chills, and other flu-like symptoms.

Who Is More Likely To Develop Prostatitis

How Do You Know That You Have Prostate Cancer?

The factors that affect a mans chances of developing prostatitis differ depending on the type.

Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Men with nerve damage in the lower urinary tract due to surgery or trauma may be more likely to develop chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Psychological stress may also increase a mans chances of developing the condition.

Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Men with lower UTIs may be more likely to develop bacterial prostatitis. UTIs that recur or are difficult to treat may lead to chronic bacterial prostatitis.

Also Check: Does An Enlarged Prostate Affect A Man Sexually

Can Prostatitis And Bph Be Cured

The prognosis for BPH for most patients that undergo treatment is good to fair, depending upon how well patients respond. BPH that requires surgery may result in complications such as erectile dysfunction. The prognosis for patients with more severe BPH symptoms that require surgery and medication for symptom relief is fair. There is no cure for BPH.

Most men with prostatitis may have significant symptom relief, and most men can be cured with long-term appropriate antibiotic treatments. The prognosis for prostatitis ranges from good to fair because some patients have a tendency to have recurrent bouts of the condition.

Tests For Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

There is no single test to diagnose CPPS. Your doctor will need to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms before they make a diagnosis. This can take some time.

You might be diagnosed with CPPS if youve had some of the symptoms listed above for more than three of the last six months. But your doctor may diagnose CPPS sooner than this.

They will ask you about your symptoms or give you a questionnaire to fill in. Your doctor may also ask about your medical history. This can help them work out what is causing your symptoms, and which treatments are most likely to help.

Youll need to have a urine test to make sure you dont have a urine infection. You may also have a physical examination, including a;digital rectal examination , and some other tests, such as a;PSA test. Ask your doctor for more information about other tests you may have. For some tests, you might need to visit a doctor at the hospital who specialises in urinary problems or a specialist nurse.

Worried about having a DRE?

Its natural to feel worried or embarrassed about having tests, but some men find the idea of having a DRE upsetting. For example, if youve ever been sexually abused, you might feel very upset about having this test.

Theres no right or wrong way to feel, and its your choice whether or not to have a DRE. If you do decide to have a DRE, explain your situation to your doctor. They can talk you through the test and help to reassure you. It may also help to talk to a counsellor.

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How To Know Whether It Is Cancer

If you have any of the mentioned signs, you should see a doctor. They will take the steps to rule out cancer.

However, you can read here the different options :

RECTAL EXAMINATION

The doctor checks your prostate through your rectum, with a finger.;The prostate is in contact with the rectum so this is the way to palpate it.

Doing so, the doctor can check if it is enlarged, if it has hard nodules

PSA

It is detected through a blood test. The more prostatic tissue you have, the higher value of PSA you have.

It is useful if you have a normal PSA value, because that virtually rules out cancer. If your PSA is okey, your prostate is probably ok.

However, if you have a high PSA then you have more prostatic tissue than normal. Maybe you have BPH .

Prostatitis also causes a high PSA, because of the irritated tissue.

So if PSA is normal then everything is good. If PSA is high you probably need some extra tests to find out what is wrong.

An increased PSA can be due to prostate cancer, but also to BPH and prostatitis.

PROSTATE MRI

You go inside the MRI machine and stay still for around 30 minutes.

Usually, it also requires intravenous contrast so you will need an IV line.

  • This test will tell the doctor if there are any suspiciousnodules inside the prostate. Also, it will show the prostate cancer stage.
  • It will also show if it is a large prostate, but with no malignant nodules .

If there are no nodules, everythings fine. If there are you may need a biopsy.

PROSTATE BIOPSY

Most Recent

Can I Stop Taking Prostate Pills

How To Determine If You Have Prostate Cancer

I am 71 years old and have been taking two medicines for about five years to reduce my enlarged prostate and reduce urinary symptoms. These are Alfuzosin and Avodart . This combination therapy works well. But there are some side effects. The package leaflet of these medicines does not state how long you should use them and the GP was unable to give a definitive answer about this two years ago. I read an article in the newspaper in which a urologist states that many men can stop taking the pills after four or five years. Could that also apply to me?

Frans Debruyne: The combination of Alfuzosin and Avodart is usually prescribed when the prostate is considerably enlarged . This means that the volume of the prostate has been determined at more than 40 grams . This is done by means of a TRUS- examination , in which an ultrasound is made through the anus.

The standard side effects of Alfuzosin are dizziness and a light feeling in the head, which usually disappears after some time. Avodart can cause potency disorders .

You can stop taking these medicines if you have taken them for at least a year, which is your case. The optimal effect of the therapy, and especially of Avodart, is reached after at least six months. If you stop taking the medicines, the prostate will grow again and the symptoms may return. You will then have to use the medication again. But it is also possible that the complaints remain away for some time.

Also Check: Does Prostate Stimulation Increase Testosterone

What If My Prostatitis Is Not Caused By Infection

Because we do not understand what causes prostatitis without infection, it can be hard to treat. Your doctor might try an antibiotic to treat a hidden infection. Other treatments are aimed at making you feel better. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, and hot soaking baths may help you feel better. Some men get better by taking medicines that help the way the bladder or prostate gland work. These medicines include oxybutynin, doxazosin, prazosin, tamsulosin and terazosin.

Prostate Problems Symptoms And Warning Signs

It’s common for men over the age of 50 to have prostate problems. The prostate gland produces semen. Common conditions that affect the gland are enlarged prostate , acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic non-bacterial prostatitis, and prostate cancer. Talk to your doctor if you think you may have problems urinating or pain with urination.

Also Check: How To Massage Your Own Prostate Gland

Eating Diet And Nutrition

Researchers have not found that eating, diet, and nutrition play a role in causing or preventing prostatitis. During treatment of bacterial prostatitis, urologists may recommend increasing intake of liquids and avoiding or reducing intake of substances that irritate the bladder. Men should talk with a health care provider or dietitian about what diet is right for them.

When To See A Doctor

4 Things to Avoid if You Have an Enlarged Prostate – Dr.Berg

You should see your doctor when you have symptoms of prostatitis. Sometimes these symptoms can signal other more serious conditions, including prostate cancer. Getting treatment for prostatitis can help prevent complications, including sexual dysfunction and infertility.

You should immediately seek medical help if you are completely unable to urinate, have problems or pain while urinating, have a fever and/or chills, see blood in your urine, or have a lot of pain and discomfort in your urinary tract or lower abdomen.

Read Also: How To Check For Enlarged Prostate

Sign 2: Frequent Urge To Urinate

You feel sudden urges to go anytime, even if you have little or no urine in your bladder. The urge may be so strong that you feel like you cant hold it until youre in the bathroom.

These urges can significantly impact your life. If you wake up to go 2-3 times or more per night because of them, you could suffer from fatigue, loss of focus, moodiness, and lack of energy.

How Do You Achieve A Prostate Orgasm

As with any new sexual activity, learning how to have a prostate orgasm takes preparation and practice. Here are some expert-approved tips, techniques, and other important things to know.

Learn where your prostate is.

If youre new to anal play, the first step is finding your prostate. The walnut-sized gland is located underneath the bladder and in front of the rectum, and you can stimulate it by putting fingers or toys about three inches into your butt.

Try it on your own first.

Kenneth Play, sex educator and creator of the Sex Hacker Pro Series, suggests experimenting with yourself before trying with your partner. I recommend masturbation rather than partner play to start this exploration because you have a direct feedback loop,” he says. “Without having to instruct someone else or worry about being comfortable, things are much simpler and more effective.”

Know that there are two ways to achieve a prostate orgasm: through internal and external stimulation.

Now, we know you might be scratching your head in confusion, wondering how there can be an external prostate orgasm when the prostate is located inside your anus. But heres a quick bio lesson: an external prostate orgasm is when you stimulate your prostate externally, by applying pressure between your anus and your testicles, Saynt explains . No insertion required.

Internal orgasms, on the other hand, involve massaging your prostate .

Massage your perineum.

If you’re going up the butt, clean out beforehand.

Read Also: How To Reduce Prostate Enlargement With Diet

What About Other Treatments I Hear About

When you have cancer you might hear about other ways to treat the cancer or treat your symptoms. These may not always be standard medical treatments. These treatments may be vitamins, herbs, special diets, and other things. You may wonder about these treatments.

Some of these are known to help, but many have not been tested. Some have been shown not to help. A few have even been found to be harmful. Talk to your doctor about anything youre thinking about using, whether its a vitamin, a diet, or anything else.

What Natural Or Home Remedies Relieve Pain Symptoms And Treat Prostatitis

How Can You Tell If You Have Prostate Cancer

In addition to medical treatment, natural home remedies for prostatitis include:

  • Warm sitz baths
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and spicy foods.
  • Prostate massage: In a few studies, prostate massage has been shown to decrease symptoms in some patients with chronic nonbacterial prostatitis.
  • Lifestyle changes: If you cycle or ride horses, it is recommended to suspend this activity until you improve.
  • Although there are many herbal preparations available, there is no current evidence that herbal remedies are definitely helpful with prostatitis.
  • Acupuncture has shown a decrease in symptoms for some people who suffer from prostatitis.

Read Also: How To Cum From Prostate

What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor

You may want to ask your healthcare provider:

  • What type of prostatitis do I have?
  • What is the best treatment for this type of prostatitis?
  • What are the treatment risks and side effects?
  • How can I avoid getting prostatitis again?
  • What type of follow-up care do I need after treatment?
  • Should I look out for signs of complications?

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Prostatitis is a common problem that affects many men. Unfortunately, theres a lot of confusion about the disease. People use the word prostatitis to describe four different conditions. There isnt a one-size-fits-all treatment for prostatitis, which is why an accurate diagnosis is so important.

How Do You Find It

Youll need to head south along the back road to find it in a magical place called the anal region.

Although entering through the anus is the most direct way, you can also stimulate the prostate indirectly through the perineum, or taint.

This is the skin that runs underneath the scrotum to the anus.

Also Check: How Do You Check For Prostate Cancer

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